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The complex ecology of free-living amoebae (FLA) and their role in spreading pathogenic microorganisms through water systems have recently raised considerable interest. In this study, we investigated the presence of FLA and amoebae-resisting bacteria (ARB) at various stages of a drinking water plant fed with river water. We isolated various amoebal species(More)
Chlamydiae are obligate intracellular bacteria infecting free-living amoebae, vertebrates and some invertebrates. Novel members are regularly discovered, and there is accumulating evidence supporting a very important diversity of chlamydiae in the environment. In this study, we investigated the presence of chlamydiae in a drinking water treatment plant.(More)
AIMS Monitoring of microbial changes during and after application of various disinfection treatments in a model domestic water system. METHODS AND RESULTS A pilot-scale domestic water system consisting of seven galvanized steel re-circulation loops and copper dead legs was constructed. Culture techniques, confocal laser scanning microscopy after(More)
The aim of this study was to compare the efficiency of different disinfectants applicable to Legionella control in domestic water systems. A domestic water supply simulation unit that allowed simulation of real-world conditions was developed for this purpose. The system, consisting of seven identical rigs, was used to compare treatment efficiency under(More)
In this study, we enlarged our previous investigation focusing on the biodiversity of chlamydiae and amoebae in a drinking water treatment plant, by the inclusion of two additional plants and by searching also for the presence of legionellae and mycobacteria. Autochthonous amoebae were recovered onto non-nutritive agar, identified by 18S rRNA gene(More)
Free-living amoebae constitute reservoirs for many bacteria including not only well-known pathogens but also emerging pathogens responsible for respiratory diseases, and contribute to the protection, survival and dissemination of these bacteria in water systems, despite the application of disinfection or thermal treatments. In this article we review the(More)
Free-living amoebae have been detected in a large number of man-made water systems, including drinking water distribution systems. Some of these amoebae can host amoebae-resisting bacteria, and thus act potentially as reservoirs and vehicles for a number of pathogens. The objectives of this study were to characterize the amoebae and amoebae-resisting(More)
Among the 3rd Seminar for PhD students working on Water and Health which was held in Cannes on 27–29 June 2011, experts from a number of universities and research institutes took the opportunity to discuss the emergence of Escherichia coli O104:H4 in Europe. Especially, possible threats for European water suppliers were considered. The consensus is(More)