Jean-François Leblanc

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The reduced insulin response of trained subjects in the presence of normal glucose tolerance has been confirmed. It was also found that this beneficial effect of exercise is greatly reduced if trained subjects are inactive for 3 days while eating ad libidum. During that period excessive food intake (3291 cal/day) was noted. However, when the subjects were(More)
The literature reports many organic malfunctions that are associated with elevated plasma cortisol and cholesterol levels. The present investigation was concerned with the influence of personality on plasma levels of cortisol and cholesterol. To that effect these variables were determined in a group of 20 subjects who answered the Big-Five Inventory for(More)
Forty young male adults, aged 18-30 yr, with maximal oxygen intake (VO2 max) varying between 35 and 76 ml-kg-1-min-1 were studied. The fasting subjects were perfused for 15 min with saline and thereafter for 30 min with norepinephrine (0.1 mug/kg per min). Blood variables were determined at the end of slaine perfusion, at 15 and 30 min during norepinephrine(More)
Plasma epinephrine (E) and norepinephrine (NE) as well as blood pressure and heart rate variations were measured in 12 male subjects before, during, and after a cold hand test (5 degrees C for 2 min), a mental arithmetic test, and a combination of both these tests. Although the cold and mental tests had comparable effects on blood pressure, the heart rate(More)
The effects of exercise training and food restriction on the regulation of lipolysis were studied comparatively in adipocytes isolated from male and female rats. Exercise training inhibited cell proliferation in parametrial, but not in epididymal adipose tissue, whereas it significantly reduced adipocyte size in both fat depots. Adipocyte capacity for(More)
Eighteen young male subjects, aged 18-30 yr, with maximal oxygen intake (VO2max) varying between 36 and 80 ml.kg-1.min-1, were studied. Between 20 and 120 min after injection, tolerance to iv glucose (20 g/m2) was not affected by VO2max but the insulin response was very significantly reduced in the better trained subjects. 125I-insulin binding to monocytes(More)
The response to local cooling was estimated by the cold hand test (5 degrees C for 2 min) and the cold face test (0 degrees C with 66 km.h-1 wind for 2 min). Heart rate, blood pressure, and skin temperature were measured before, during, and after the tests. The increase in blood pressure (cold hand test) and the fall in Tsk (cold face test) were reduced in(More)
The effect of caffeine on resting metabolic rate (RMR) was investigated in eight trained and eight nontrained young male subjects. The ingestion of 4 mg/kg caffeine produced a greater increase of RMR in trained subjects. This effect was associated with a greater increase in plasma free fatty acids and a larger fall in respiratory quotient, indicating an(More)
Chronic administration of isoproterenol (ISO) produces hypertrophy of the rat heart and tibialis muscle. With doses of 0.1, 0.3, and 0.6 mg/kg, hypertrophy of the heart is significantly by the 3rd day of treatment. Maximum cardiac enlargement attained with doses of 0.3 and 0.6 mg/kg occurs after 21 days and averages 40% above control values. ISO increases(More)