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Detecting shadows from images can significantly improve the performance of several vision tasks such as object detection and tracking. Recent approaches have mainly used illumination invariants which can fail severely when the qualities of the images are not very good, as is the case for most consumer-grade photographs, like those on Google or Flickr. We(More)
In recent years, much progress has been made in outdoor autonomous navigation. However, safe navigation is still a daunting challenge in terrain containing vegetation. In this paper, we focus on the segmentation of ladar data into three classes using local three-dimensional point cloud statistics. The classes are: " scatter " to represent porous volumes(More)
We present a system for inserting new objects into existing photographs by querying a vast image-based object library, pre-computed using a publicly available Internet object database. The central goal is to shield the user from all of the arduous tasks typically involved in image compositing. The user is only asked to do two simple things: 1) pick a 3D(More)
Why does placing an object from one photograph into another often make the colors of that object suddenly look wrong? One possibility is that humans prefer distributions of colors that are often found in nature; that is, we find pleasing these color combinations that we see often. Another possibility is that humans simply prefer colors to be consistent(More)
Given a single outdoor image, we present a method for estimating the likely illumination conditions of the scene. In particular, we compute the probability distribution over the sun position and visibility. The method relies on a combination of weak cues that can be extracted from different portions of the image: the sky, the vertical surfaces, and the(More)
Webcams placed all over the world observe and record the visual appearance of a variety of outdoor scenes over long periods of time. The recorded time-lapse image sequences cover a wide range of illumination and weather conditions -- a vast untapped resource for creating visual realism. In this work, we propose to use a large repository of webcams as a(More)
As the main observed illuminant outdoors, the sky is a rich source of information about the scene. However, it is yet to be fully explored in computer vision because its appearance in an image depends on the sun position, weather conditions, photometric and geometric parameters of the camera, and the location of capture. In this paper, we analyze two(More)
The association of the adipocyte lipid-binding protein (ALBP) with arachidonic acid (all cis, 20:4 delta 5,8,11,14) and oleic acid (cis, 18:1 delta 9) has been examined by titration calorimentry. In addition, the crystal structure of ALBP with bound arachidonic acid has also been obtained. Crystallographic analysis of the arachidonic acid.ALBP complex along(More)
Normal human menisci obtained at autopsy (seven cases) and the injured and uninjured portions of torn menisci obtained at surgery (nine cases) were studied with the electron microscope. The surface of menisci is composed of collagen fibrils surmounted by an electron-dense surface coat. Most of the cells in menisci are chondrocytes but a few fibroblasts and(More)