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OBJECTIVE Previous research has suggested an association between dementia and glaucoma through common risk factors or mechanisms. Our aim was to evaluate the longitudinal relationship between open-angle glaucoma (OAG) and incident dementia. METHODS The Three-City-Bordeaux-Alienor study is a population-based cohort of 812 participants with a 3-year(More)
PURPOSE Major genetic factors for age-related macular degeneration (AMD) have recently been identified as susceptibility risk factors, underlying the role of the complement pathway in AMD. Our purpose was to analyze the role of the R102G polymorphism of the complement component (C3) gene in a French population, in a case-control study. METHODS A total of(More)
To estimate the prevalence of refractive error in adults across Europe. Refractive data (mean spherical equivalent) collected between 1990 and 2013 from fifteen population-based cohort and cross-sectional studies of the European Eye Epidemiology (E(3)) Consortium were combined in a random effects meta-analysis stratified by 5-year age intervals and gender.(More)
PURPOSE To investigate whether myopia is becoming more common across Europe and explore whether increasing education levels, an important environmental risk factor for myopia, might explain any temporal trend. DESIGN Meta-analysis of population-based, cross-sectional studies from the European Eye Epidemiology (E(3)) Consortium. PARTICIPANTS The E(3)(More)
PURPOSE Differences in treatment responses to ranibizumab injections observed within trials involving monthly (MARINA and ANCHOR studies) and quarterly (PIER study) treatment suggest that an individualized treatment regimen may be effective in neovascular age-related macular degeneration. In the present study, a drug and disease model was used to evaluate(More)
PURPOSE To report cases of intraocular inflammation after intracameral injection of a very high dose of cefuroxime at the end of uneventful cataract surgery. SETTING Department of Ophthalmology, Bordeaux University Hospital, Bordeaux, France. DESIGN Case series. METHODS Patients were followed on an outpatient basis and were examined postoperatively at(More)
PURPOSE To assess the correlation between macular pigment optical density and plasma levels of lutein, zeaxanthin, and fatty acids, especially omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs). METHODS The PIMAVOSA study is an observational study of 107 healthy volunteers, aged 20 to 60 years and born in southwest France, without histories of ocular disease.(More)
PURPOSE Major genetic risk factors have recently been identified for age-related macular degeneration (AMD), including the ARMS2/LOC387715 and CFH at-risk polymorphisms. The study was conducted to establish correlations between the AMD genotype and both the phenotype and severity of AMD. METHODS In a prospective cohort of 1216 AMD patients, four genotypic(More)
BACKGROUND Lipid metabolism and particularly high-density lipoprotein (HDL) may be involved in the pathogenic mechanism of age-related macular degeneration (AMD). However, conflicting results have been reported in the associations of AMD with plasma HDL and other lipids, which may be confounded by the recently reported associations of AMD with HDL-related(More)
PURPOSE While exposure to ultraviolet radiation (UVR) is a recognized risk factor for cataract, its association is more controversial with age-related macular degeneration (AMD). We report the associations of lifetime exposure to ambient UVR with cataract extraction and AMD. METHODS The Alienor Study is a population-based study of 963 residents of(More)