Jean-François Gagnon

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Rapid-eye-movement (REM) sleep behaviour disorder (RBD) is characterised by loss of muscular atonia and prominent motor behaviours during REM sleep. RBD can cause sleep disruption and severe injuries for the patient or bed partner. The disorder is strongly associated with neurodegenerative diseases, such as multiple-system atrophy, Parkinson's disease,(More)
Previous anatomical volumetric studies have shown that healthy aging is associated with gray matter tissue loss in specific cerebral regions. However, these studies may have potentially missed critical elements of age-related brain changes, which largely exist within interrelationships among brain regions. This magnetic resonance imaging research aims to(More)
This paper reviews current knowledge on sleep problems, sleep architecture changes and quantitative EEG alteration brought on by various neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease (AD), progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP), REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD), Parkinson's disease (PD), dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB), multiple system atrophy MSA,(More)
REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) is characterized by complex behavioral manifestations in response to dream content that may cause sleep disruption or injuries to the patient or the bed partner. In this case, the patients need treatment to control their symptoms. Pharmacologic agents have been reported to have positive and negative impacts on REM sleep(More)
The human electroencephalogram (EEG) during non-rapid eye movement sleep (NREM) is characterized mainly by high-amplitude (>75 μV), slow-frequency (<4 Hz) waves (slow waves), and sleep spindles (∼11-15 Hz; >0.25 s). These NREM oscillations play a crucial role in brain plasticity, and importantly, NREM sleep oscillations change considerably with aging. This(More)
Sports-related concussions have been shown to lead to persistent subclinical anomalies of the motor and cognitive systems in young asymptomatic athletes. In advancing age, these latent alterations correlate with detectable motor and cognitive function decline. Until now, the interacting effects of concussions and the normal ageing process on white matter(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the frequency and subtypes of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in idiopathic rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder (RBD) and Parkinson's disease (PD) in association with RBD. METHODS One hundred and twelve subjects without dementia or major depression including 32 idiopathic RBD patients, 22 PD patients with(More)
OBJECTIVE For development of neuroprotective therapy, neurodegenerative disease must be identified as early as possible. However, current means of identifying "preclinical" neurodegeneration are limited. Patients with idiopathic rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (RBD) are at >50% risk of synuclein-mediated neurodegenerative disease--this(More)
STUDY OBJECTIVES To assess the presence of polysomnographic characteristics of REM sleep behavior disorder (RBD) in narcolepsy; and to quantify REM sleep parameters in patients with narcolepsy, in patients with "idiopathic" RBD, and in normal controls. DESIGN Sleep laboratory study PARTICIPANTS Sixteen patients with narcolepsy and cataplexy matched for(More)
One of the most devastating nonmotor manifestations of PD is dementia. There are few established predictors of dementia in PD. In numerous cross-sectional studies, patients with rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behavior disorder (RBD) have increased cognitive impairment on neuropsychological testing, but no prospective studies have assessed whether RBD can(More)