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AIMS To assess the profile, utilization patterns, satisfaction and perceived effects among users of electronic cigarettes ('e-cigarettes'). DESIGN AND SETTING Internet survey in English and French in 2010. MEASUREMENTS Online questionnaire. PARTICIPANTS Visitors of websites and online discussion forums dedicated to e-cigarettes and to smoking(More)
AIMS To assess the validity of the Fagerström test for nicotine dependence (FTND, six items) and of a short-form of this questionnaire, the Heaviness of Smoking Index (HSI, two items), in a population of relatively light smokers. DESIGN Comparison of item content with published definitions of addiction. Test-retest reliability and multiple tests of(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about users of electronic cigarettes, or their opinions, satisfaction or how and why they use such products. METHODS An internet survey of 81 ever-users of ecigarettes in 2009. Participants answered open-ended questions on use of, and opinions about, ecigarettes. RESULTS Respondents (73 current and 8 former users) lived in(More)
BACKGROUND Cytisine is an agonist of nicotinic receptors; in particular, it binds strongly with alpha(4)beta(2) nicotinic receptors. Cytisine has been used to treat tobacco dependence for 40 years in Eastern Europe. The objective of this study was to review the literature on the effect of cytisine on smoking cessation. METHODS Review of PubMed, EMBASE,(More)
A valid measure of dependence on cigarettes is a useful tool for clinicians and researchers. The aim of this study was to develop a new, self-administered measure of cigarette dependence, and to assess its validity. The content of the instrument was generated in qualitative surveys. A long version (114 items) was tested on the internet in 3009 smokers.(More)
The MOS 36-Item Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) is designed to measure 8 dimensions of health in clinical and general population settings. The main aim of this paper was to examine the reliability and validity of this instrument in young adults. A secondary aim was to document the results of a rapid translation procedure of the instrument, to be compared(More)
The authors collected by mail self-reported data on smoking habits and saliva samples that were analyzed for cotinine concentration in 222 smokers and 97 nonsmokers. Participants were members of the University of Geneva (Switzerland) in 1995. The 207 cigarette-only smokers smoked on average 10.7 cigarettes/day and had a median concentration of cotinine of(More)
OBJECTIVE Nicotine replacement therapy (NRT) doubles the chances that a smoker will quit smoking, but most smokers who attempt to quit do not use it at all or only use it inconsistently. We aimed to identify attitudes of smokers and ex-smokers toward NRT and to develop and assess the validity of a brief scale used to measure these attitudes. METHODS We(More)
Approximately 50% of African American (AA) smokers are light smokers (smoke <or=10 cigarettes a day), yet this group is understudied despite being at-risk of smoking-related death and disease. This study is a secondary analysis of data from a clinical trial that assessed the efficacy of nicotine gum and counseling for smoking cessation among African(More)
BACKGROUND Smoking cessation remains a significant public health problem. Innovative interventions that use the Internet have begun to emerge that offer great promise in reaching large numbers of participants and encouraging widespread behavior change. To date, the relatively few controlled trials of Web-based smoking cessation programs have been limited by(More)