Jean François E Brichant

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Major clinical endpoints of general anesthesia, such as the alteration of consciousness, are achieved through effects of anesthetic agents on the central nervous system, and, more precisely, on the brain. Historically, clinicians and researchers have always been interested in quantifying and characterizing those effects through recordings of surface brain(More)
BACKGROUND Consciousness-altering anesthetic agents disturb connectivity between brain regions composing the resting-state consciousness networks (RSNs). The default mode network (DMn), executive control network, salience network (SALn), auditory network, sensorimotor network (SMn), and visual network sustain mentation. Ketamine modifies consciousness(More)
It has been suggested that halothane inhibits contraction of airway smooth muscle in vivo mainly by reducing reflex activity in nerves innervating the muscle with only minimal direct effects on the muscle itself. To examine possible mechanisms of action of halothane at clinically relevant concentrations the authors studied the effect of halothane on(More)
Prejunctional and postjunctional muscarinic receptor subtypes were characterized in canine trachealis muscle strips. In vitro contractile responses of muscle strips to acetylcholine or electric field stimulation were determined in the absence and the presence of gallamine, pirenzepine, and 4-diphenylacetoxy-N-methylpiperidine methiodide (4-DAMP). Gallamine(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW To describe recent studies exploring brain function under the influence of hypnotic anesthetic agents, and their implications on the understanding of consciousness physiology and anesthesia-induced alteration of consciousness. RECENT FINDINGS Cerebral cortex is the primary target of the hypnotic effect of anesthetic agents, and(More)
BACKGROUND The effects of the sympathetic nervous system on hypoxic pulmonary vasoconstriction (HPV) have been reported variably. We studied the effects of adrenergic receptor blockade and epidural blockade on HPV in 32 pentobarbital-anaesthetised intact dogs. METHODS Pulmonary arterial flow-pressure relationships were determined in hyperoxia and hypoxia,(More)
Studies of the anesthetic effects on the airway often use pulmonary resistance (RL) as an index of airway caliber. To determine the effects of the volatile anesthetic, halothane, on tissue and airway components of RL, we measured both components in excised canine lungs before and during halothane administration. Tissue resistance (Rti), airway resistance(More)
The effects of enflurane, isoflurane, vecuronium, atracurium, and pancuronium on pulmonary resistance and heart rate were studied in 30 vagotomized dogs lying supine and anesthetized with chloralose-urethane. None of the five drugs affected pulmonary resistance when the airway was unstimulated. Enflurane and isoflurane significantly attenuated the increase(More)
Volatile anesthetics are potent bronchodilators, but the site of action for the dilation is unclear. To determine the site of action of halothane, enflurane, and isoflurane on the peripheral vagal motor pathway, isolated strips of canine trachealis muscle were stimulated before and during exposure to halothane at 0.3, 1.0, 1.7, or 2.4 MAC, enflurane at 1(More)
CONTEXT Intravenous magnesium deepens non-depolarising neuromuscular block. OBJECTIVE To assess whether intravenous magnesium has the potential to re-establish paralysis in patients who have just recovered from a non-depolarising neuromuscular block. DESIGN Prospective randomised double-blind controlled study. PATIENTS Twenty non-obese patients(More)