Jean François Dreyfus

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Zopiclone, a new hypnotic with an original chemical structure, was compared in a sleep laboratory study with nitrazepam according to a double-blind, parallel group randomized design. Zopiclone (7.5 mg) and nitrazepam (5 mg) were each given for 14 nights to 5 insomniacs; a placebo washout period of 4 nights and a placebo withdrawal period of 10 nights were(More)
Pharmacokinetics and metabolism of a new hypnotic, zopiclone (ZD), were studied under the following conditions: (1) rats and dogs were given oral doses of the molecule, 14C-labeled either on the side chain or on the pyrrolopyrazine nucleus; (2) rats, rabbits and dogs were given increasing oral doses of the cold compound; (3) human subjects in various(More)
A randomized, double-blind, comparative trial of zopiclone versus nitrazepam was conducted in 74 geriatric chronic insomniac patients. Following a 7-day wash-out period, two parallel groups, successively received a placebo for 7 days, then either 7.5 mg zopiclone or 5 mg nitrazepam for another 7-day period. Efficacy on sleep was assessed by a sleep analogue(More)
This investigation compares the effects of single and double doses of nitrazepam (5 and 10 mg) and zopiclone (7.5 and 15 mg) and placebo for 1 night in 40 psychiatric patients. The results indicate that zopiclone is an active hypnotic compound, comparable in its effects to those of nitrazepam, the higher dosage being best adapted to the type of patients(More)
The present report presents a computerized system, permitting recording of diagnostic criteria and assignment by diagnostic algorithms as proposed and intended in 7 different classification systems of depression. The potential of the procedure for comparing alternative classifications of depression is presented and discussed.
Zopiclone, a new hypnotic cyclopyrrolone, undergoes extensive hepatic metabolism. The carrier of hypnotic activity is the parent compound; however, knowledge of its metabolic profile is essential for the understanding of pharmacokinetic changes in various pathophysiological conditions. In 45 healthy young volunteers, zopiclone had a Tmax of 0.5. A(More)
OBJECTIVE The safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics and preliminary pharmacodynamics of single rising doses of a novel GLP-1 analog, CJC-1131, was evaluated. METHODS CJC-1131 was subcutaneously injected in 8 groups (1.5 - 20.5 microg/kg) of healthy subjects (each group of six subjects included 1 placebo per dose level). CJC-1131 was also injected(More)
265 adult outpatients with dysthymic disorder (DSM-III) associated with clinically manifest anxiety (according to FDA criteria) were included in a multicenter, randomized double-blind study. The trial consisted of three phases: placebo pretreatment phase and inclusion in the trial, treatment phase, placebo posttreatment phase. Patients were treated in(More)
1 The effects of fluvoxamine to a maximum of 300 mg daily were compared with those of imipramine to a maximum of 200 mg daily, in 151 patients with primary major depression. 2 Four weeks of treatment with fluvoxamine resulted in 67.2% improvement (+/- s.d. 21.6) on the Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression (26 items). Treatment with imipramine showed 62.1%(More)
OBJECTIVES In the emergency department (ED), intravenous (IV) catheter placement is one of the most frequent interventions and may be a real challenge in some conditions. Improvement of the success rate with new technology represents a great opportunity. This randomized controlled trial aimed to show the superiority of AccuVein to cannulate veins in adults(More)