Jean-François David

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Adult survival and reproduction were compared between two Stomoxys species that co-occur in La Reunion, the cosmopolitan Stomoxys calcitrans (L.), and the tropical Stomoxys niger niger Macquart. In a first experiment, mean longevity and fecundity were determined at five constant temperatures from 15 to 35 degrees C, after development at the same(More)
Several years ago, microbiologists developed a harmonized standard for the validation of alternative methods against the reference method, namely International Organization for Standardization (ISO) 16140:2003. Since then a new and better statistical approach known as the accuracy profile concept has been proposed for interpretation of data collected during(More)
Millipedes (Diplopoda) and woodlice (Crustacea, Isopoda), with a total of about 15000 described species worldwide, contribute substantially to invertebrate biodiversity. These saprophagous macroarthropods, which are key regulators of plant litter decomposition, play an important role in the functioning of terrestrial ecosystems in tropical and temperate(More)
Growth, development and life-cycle duration of the millipede Ommatoiulussabulosus (f.aimatopodus) were studied in a Mediterranean shrubland of southern France and compared with previous data from northwest Europe. Changes in the proportions of stadia during the course of the year were analysed in several generations. The results show that stadia VII and(More)
Two stable fly species, Stomoxys calcitrans (L., 1758) and Stomoxys niger niger Macquart, 1851, co-occur in La Reunion, where they are important pests of cattle. The survival and developmental rate of the immature stages were compared at five constant temperatures from 15 to 35 degrees C. In both species, immature survival was highest at 20-25 degrees C and(More)
The consumption and assimilation rates of the woodlouse Armadillidium vulgare were measured on leaf litters from five herb species grown and naturally senesced at 350 and 700 µl l–1 CO2. Each type of litter was tested separately after 12, 30 and 45 days of decomposition at 18°C. The effects of elevated CO2 differed depending on the plant species. In(More)
Increasing atmospheric CO2 and temperature are predicted to alter litter decomposition via changes in litter chemistry and environmental conditions. The extent to which these predictions are influenced by biotic factors such as litter species composition or decomposer activity, and in particular how these different factors interact, is not well understood.(More)
The effects on forest soil macrofauna of two treatments, viz. litter interception and twofold litter supply, were studied for five yr in the field. Results concern five saprophagous groups (Lumbricidae, Diplopoda , Isopoda , Coleoptera larvae, Diptera larvae) and five zoophagous groups (Geophilomorpha, Lithobiomorpha, Pseudoscorpionida, Coleoptera larvae ,(More)
Immature Plutella xylostella (Lepidoptera: Plutellidae) and parasitoids were sampled for 39 months in an unsprayed cabbage field near Cotonou, Benin, to determine how and when host-parasitoid interactions influence the population dynamics of the moth in a tropical environment. Eighty-three samples were taken at approximately two-week intervals. There were(More)
The number of stadia during post-embryonic development is supposed to be fixed in most species of the millipede order Polydesmida. For the first time since 1928, additional moults were observed in two males of Polydesmus angustus Latzel, 1884 reared in the laboratory. These 'elongatus' males sensu Verhoeff reached stadium IX instead of stadium VIII, with(More)