Jean-François Chenot

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In primary care research interventional studies often address organisational changes or educational interventions, for example, in the context of guideline implementation. For pragmatic reasons randomisation is often conducted at practice level instead of at the individual patient level. Patients from one practice form a cluster, thus violating the basic(More)
The purpose of this article is to give international readers an overview of the organisation, structure and curriculum, together with important advances and problems, of undergraduate medical education in Germany. Interest in medical education in Germany has been relatively low but has gained momentum with the new "Regulation of the Licensing of Doctors"(More)
BACKGROUND Implementation of guidelines in clinical practice is difficult. In 2003, the German College of General Practitioners and Family Physicians (DEGAM) released an evidence-based guideline for the management of low back pain (LBP) in primary care. The objective of this study is to explore the acceptance of guideline content and perceived barriers to(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the effectiveness of a TTM-based motivational counselling approach by trained practice nurses to promote physical activity of low back pain patients in a German primary care setting. METHODS Data were collected in a cluster-randomized controlled trial with three study arms via questionnaires and patient interviews at baseline and(More)
BACKGROUND Although back pain is considered one of the most frequent reasons why patients seek complementary and alternative medical (CAM) therapies little is known on the extent patients are actually using CAM for back pain. METHODS This is a post hoc analysis of a longitudinal prospective cohort study embedded in a RCT. General practitioners (GPs)(More)
BACKGROUND It is generally unknown which clinical skills students acquire during medical education and which factors influence their levels of competence. METHODS We asked German medical students how competent they felt in performing individual clinical skills. RESULTS Third year students evaluated their competence in clinical skills, on average, not(More)
The reasons for the dramatic increase in proton pump inhibitors (PPI) prescriptions remain unclear and cannot be explained solely by increased morbidity, new indications or a decrease in alternative medication. Inappropriate use and discharge recommendations in hospitals are considered to be possible explanations. As the quality of PPI recommendations in(More)
AIMS Negative experiences during the course of medical education have been reported in many countries, but little is known about the perceived severity of these experiences. We studied for the first time how often students at a medical university in Germany have had negative experiences, and how severe they perceive these to be. METHOD We asked medical(More)
BACKGROUND Managing oral anticoagulant treatment (OAT) is a challenge for patients and primary care providers. It requires a high level of patient knowledge and adherence. Studies have shown that insufficient adherence and a low level of patient knowledge about OAT are primary causes for complications. This trial is the first to evaluate the long-term(More)
OBJECTIVES In industrialized countries, low back pain (LBP) is one of the leading causes for prolonged sick leave, early retirement, and high health care costs. Providing the same treatments to all patients is neither effective nor feasible, and may impede patients' recovery. Recent studies have outlined the need for subgroup-specific treatment allocation.(More)