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This review presents a schematic attempt to classify the major pain pathways, based on the results of recent studies in our laboratory, with a special emphasis on the parabrachial system. Our view is based on results from experiments in the rat, using very small iontophoretic injections of anterograde tracers. As illustrated in this report, we have found a(More)
Projections to the forebrain from lamina I of spinal and trigeminal dorsal horn were labeled anterogradely with Phaseolus vulgaris-leucoagglutinin (PHA-L) and/or tetramethylrhodamine-dextran (RHO-D) injected microiontophoretically. Injections restricted to superficial laminae (I/II) of dorsal horn were used primarily. For comparison, injections were also(More)
Serotonin neurons play a major role in many normal and pathological brain functions. In the rat these neurons have a varying number of cotransmitters, including neuropeptides. Here we studied, with histochemical techniques, the relation between serotonin, some other small-molecule transmitters, and a number of neuropeptides in the dorsal raphe nucleus (DRN)(More)
This study investigated the responses of posterior triangular (PoT) thalamic neurons to tactile and noxious calibrated stimuli in anesthetized rats. We report here that 41% of PoT units responded to cutaneous stimulation, in most cases, by increasing strongly their firing. Forty-five percent of the responding units were nociceptive specific (NS), 19% were(More)
Despite recent discoveries made in myeloproliferative disorders other than chronic myelogenous leukemia, which it is hoped will result in earlier diagnosis, and better evaluation and management of patients, hematological evolution to myelofibrosis, acute leukemia, and myelodysplastic syndromes (AL/MDS) remain major causes of long-term mortality in(More)
From 1968 to 1993, 179 newly diagnosed patients with polycythemia vera (PV) were enrolled in a prospective study using pipobroman as first chemotherapy. Among them, 140 fulfilled the Polycythemia Vera Study Group criteria for PV, and 39 patients (22%) can be considered as idiopathic erythrocytosis (IE). Vascular events occurred in 10% of IE and 20% of PV(More)
V617F JAK2 mutation is a reliable molecular marker of polycythemia vera (PV), potentially useful to monitor the effect of treatments in this disease. In a phase 2 study of pegylated (peg) IFN-alpha-2a in PV, we performed prospective sequential quantitative evaluation of the percentage of mutated JAK2 allele (%V617F) by real-time polymerase chain reaction(More)
The lateral part of the ventromedial thalamus (VM l) relays nociceptive inputs from the whole body surface to the dorsolateral frontal cortex. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of systemic morphine on nociceptive activity evoked in VM l neurones either by thermal (48 degrees C) or by supramaximal percutaneous electrical stimuli.(More)