Jean-François Bach

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The high percentage of disease-discordant pairs of monozygotic twins demonstrates the central role of environmental factors in the etiology of autoimmune diseases. Efforts were first focussed on the search for triggering factors. The study of animal models has clearly shown that infections may trigger autoimmune diseases, as in the case of Coxsackie B4(More)
Progression to destructive insulitis in nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice is linked to the failure of regulatory cells, possibly involving T helper type 2 (Th2) cells. Natural killer (NK) T cells might be involved in diabetes, given their deficiency in NOD mice and the prevention of diabetes by adoptive transfer of ␣ / ␤ double-negative thymocytes. Here, we(More)
Having been long debated, the notion of suppressor T cells--renamed regulatory T cells--is back on the map, but many questions remain regarding the nature of these regulatory cells. Are they specialized cells? What are their phenotype, antigen specificity, mode of action and, above all, biological (and immunopathological) relevance? The predominant role of(More)
Converging evidence that G-CSF, the hemopoietic growth factor of the myeloid lineage, also exerts anti-inflammatory and pro-Th2 effects, prompted us to evaluate its direct therapeutic potential in autoimmune diseases. Here we report a novel activity of G-CSF in experimental allergic encephalomyelitis, a murine model for multiple sclerosis, driven by(More)
BACKGROUND Infections may be associated with exacerbation of allergic and autoimmune diseases. Paradoxically, epidemiological and experimental data have shown that some microorganisms can also prevent these pathologies. This observation is at the origin of the hygiene hypothesis according to which the decline of infections in western countries is at the(More)
Insulin-dependent or type 1 diabetes is a prototypic autoimmune disease whose incidence steadily increased over the past decades in industrialized countries. Recent evidence suggests the importance of the gut microbiota to explain this trend. Here, non-obese diabetic (NOD) mice that spontaneously develop autoimmune type 1 diabetes were treated with(More)
The incidence of type 1 diabetes (T1D) shows a worrying tendency for a steady increase in Western countries. Along the line of the hygiene hypothesis, evidence accumulates to suggest that this increase is explained by the decrease of infections due to improved hygiene and medical care. This article presents a review of epidemiological data and of the main(More)
Transgenic models and administration of mAbs directed against the LFA-1/intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1) pathway have shown that these costimulatory molecules play a key role in generating effector cells mediating inflammatory responses. In this report, durable remission of recent diabetes in nonobese diabetic (NOD) mice was induced by transient(More)