Jean F. Welter

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Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) expanded with and without fibroblast growth factor (FGF) supplementation were compared with respect to their proliferation rate, ability to differentiate along the chondrogenic pathway in vitro, and their gene expression profiles. hMSCs expanded in FGF-supplemented medium were smaller and proliferated more rapidly than(More)
We compared human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs), expanded long term with and without fibroblast growth factor (FGF) supplementation, with respect to proliferation, and the ability to undergo chondrogenesis in vitro. hMSCs expanded in FGF-supplemented medium proliferated more rapidly than the control cells. Aggregates of FGF-treated cells exhibited(More)
Human involucrin (hINV) is a cornified envelope precursor that is specifically expressed in the suprabasal epidermal layers. We previously demonstrated that 2500 base pairs of the hINV gene upstream regulatory region confers differentiation appropriate regulation in transgenic mice. An analysis of the hINV gene sequence upstream of the transcription start(More)
The epidermal keratinocyte stem cell is distinguished by a relatively undifferentiated phenotype and an ability to proliferate. As part of a carefully orchestrated process, the offspring of these stem cells lose the ability to proliferate and begin a process of morphologic and biochemical transformation that results in their conversion into corneocytes.(More)
We have developed an improved method for preparing cell aggregates for in vitro chondrogenesis studies. This method is a modification of a previously developed conical tube-based culture system that replaces the original 15-mL polypropylene tubes with 96-well plates. These modifications allow a high-throughput approach to chondrogenic cultures, which(More)
Involucrin is a marker of keratinocyte terminal differentiation. Our previous studies show that involucrin mRNA levels are increased by the keratinocyte differentiating agent, 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) (Welter, J. F., Crish, J. F., Agarwal, C., and Eckert, R. L. (1995) J. Biol. Chem. 270, 12614-12622). We now study the signaling cascade(More)
Human involucrin (hINV) is an important precursor of the keratinocyte cornified envelope that is specifically expressed in the suprabasal layers of stratifying epithelia. Previous truncation and mutagenesis experiments have shown that an activator protein 1 (Ap1) site, AP1-5, located 2100bp upstream of the transcription start site, is required for optimal(More)
The cornified envelope (CE) is an insoluble sheath of epsilon-(gamma-glutamyl)lysine cross-linked protein, which is deposited beneath the plasma membrane during keratinocyte terminal differentiation. We have probed the structure of the CE by proteolytic cleavage of purified CE fragments isolated from CEs formed spontaneously in cell culture. CNBr digestion,(More)
It is well known that adult cartilage lacks the ability to repair itself; this makes articular cartilage a very attractive target for tissue engineering. The majority of articular cartilage repair models attempt to deliver or recruit reparative cells to the site of injury. A number of efforts are directed to the characterization of progenitor cells and the(More)
Polyoxymethylene (POM, acetal homopolymer, polyacetal), commercialized as Delrin by DuPont, is an engineering resin with mechanical properties that make it useful for the prototyping and manufacture of laboratory apparatus. These properties include excellent, "metal-like," machining characteristics and dimensional stability, as well as thermal stability,(More)