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This study focuses on two problems of cancer patients: uncertainty and anxiety. The significance of fellow-patients in coping with uncertainty and anxiety was studied by means of a questionnaire which was completed by 418 patients. The results show that patients who experience uncertainty prefer to address themselves to experts for information. The need for(More)
In a field experiment severity of and susceptibility to breast cancer were varied in four different persuasive messages about breast cancer and breast self-examination (BSE). The purpose of this study was to find out whether such health messages in a real-life setting had an effect on knowledge about symptoms, attitudes and behavior relating to BSE. The(More)
This article reviews recent literature on the physical and psychosocial correlates of head and neck cancer, with a focus on quality-of-life issues, rehabilitation outcomes, and changes in the literature from the previous decade. These studies have shown that head and neck cancer has an enormous impact on the quality of life of patients. The most important(More)
Investigated late psychosocial sequelae in 133 parents of children who survived cancer, using questionnaires developed to measure the specific impact of the disease. Childhood cancer had distinct and persistent late psychosocial effects on parents of survivors. Uncertainty and loneliness were the most reported problems. Demographic and situational(More)
An update of the literature on physical and psychosocial aspects of head and neck cancer, with special emphasis on effects of treatment, patient-related factors and psychosocial intervention on quality of life (QoL). QoL deteriorates during and directly after treatment and returns only slowly to pre-treatment values. Organ preservation, gender and(More)
An experiment was conducted to assess the effects of different types of sentences and recording methods on naive judges' evaluations of the speech communication effectiveness of four patients who had undergone surgery for oral cancer. As expected, judges understood patients better if they read meaningful rather than meaningless sentences and if their speech(More)
BACKGROUND Studies that have examined correlations between psychosocial factors and survival in cancer patients do not permit any definitive conclusions. To the authors' knowledge, to date no study has examined the relation between medical as well as quality of life variables and survival in head and neck carcinoma patients. The current study focused on the(More)
A scale for assessing information needs of cancer patients was constructed and validated. Two studies were conducted. Study 1 was designed to test the factor structure of the measurement instrument. A total of 498 patients with breast cancer and Hodgkin disease were interviewed. In study 2, 133 patients with head and neck cancer were measured just before(More)
BACKGROUND Little is known about the rehabilitation outcomes of long-term survivors following treatment for head and neck cancer. There are, for example, no studies on physical and psychosocial rehabilitation outcomes of T1 glottic larynx carcinoma, despite the fact that these form the majority of head and neck cancer sites. Thus, this investigation(More)
OBJECTIVE To describe the development and validation of a scale for assessing openness to discuss cancer in the family. METHOD Two studies were conducted. Study 1 was a cross-sectional study designed to test the factor structure of the scale. Four hundred ninety-eight patients with either breast cancer or Hodgkin's disease were interviewed. In Study 2, a(More)