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OBJECTIVE Assessing pulse pressure variation (PPV) to predict fluid responsiveness in mechanically ventilated patients with tidal volume (VT) and the impact of VT and airway driving pressure (P(plat) - PEEP) on the ability of PPV for predicting fluid responsiveness. DESIGN Prospective interventional study. SETTING ICU of a university hospital. (More)
This report describes the case of an 18-year-old woman who was found in the sea suffering from cardiac arrest and hypothermia, 90 minutes after she entered the water to swim. The rescue team used an automated external defibrillator to record prehospital management. This recording showed an isoelectric electrocardiogram followed by a ventricular(More)
BACKGROUND Accidental IV administration of bupivacaine can compromise cardiovascular function by inducing lethal arrhythmias whose hemodynamic consequences may be alleviated by lipid emulsions. However, little is known about the electrophysiologic effects of lipid emulsions. In this study, we assessed whether 2 different lipid emulsions can reverse cardiac(More)
BACKGROUND The sensory blockade induced by a lidocaine-bupivacaine mixture combines the faster onset of lidocaine and the longer duration of bupivacaine. The current study compared the effects of large doses lidocaine (16 mg/kg), bupivacaine (4 mg/kg), and a mixture of 16 mg/kg lidocaine-4 mg/kg bupivacaine on hemodynamic and cardiac electrophysiologic(More)
We previously showed that, in comparison with term healthy parturients, patients with severe preeclampsia had a less frequent incidence of spinal hypotension, which was less severe and required less ephedrine. In the present study, we hypothesized that these findings were attributable to preeclampsia-associated factors rather than to a smaller uterine mass.(More)
BACKGROUND The purpose of this study was to compare parasacral and Winnie's single- or double-injection approaches for sciatic nerve block. METHODS One hundred fifty adults scheduled to undergo lower limb surgery were randomized to receive on the sciatic nerve 20 ml ropivacaine, 0.75%: single bolus for parasacral and Winnie's single injection. For(More)
BACKGROUND The intrathoracic blood volume index (ITBVI) and central venous pressure (CVP) are routinely used to predict fluid responsiveness in critically ill patients with acute circulatory failure (systolic blood pressure < 90 mm Hg or vasopressor requirement). However, they have never been compared. METHODS In this prospective interventional study, we(More)
UNLABELLED STUDY OBJECTIVE AND BACKGROUND: Arterial puncture for blood gas analysis is a frequent procedure and could be difficult in the emergency setting. The aim of the study was to compare ultrasonographically guided arterial radial puncture vs conventional sampling. MATERIALS AND METHODS This is a prospective, randomized study. The inclusion criteria(More)
In this prospective cohort study, we compared the incidence and severity of spinal anesthesia (SA)-associated hypotension in severely preeclamptic (n = 30) versus healthy (n = 30) parturients undergoing cesarean delivery. After the administration of IV fluids, SA was performed with hyperbaric 0.5% bupivacaine, sufentanil, and morphine. Blood pressure (BP)(More)
BACKGROUND Predicting fluid responsiveness remains a difficult question in hemodynamically unstable patients. The author's objective was to test whether noninvasive assessment by transthoracic echocardiography of subaortic velocity time index (VTI) variation after a low volume of fluid infusion (100 ml hydroxyethyl starch) can predict fluid responsiveness.(More)