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This paper discusses the early history of COBOL, starting with the May 1959 meeting in the Pentagon which established the Short Range Committee which defined the initial version of COBOL, and continuing through the creation of COBOL 61. The paper gives a detailed description of the committee activities leading to the publication of the first official(More)
This paper discusses ZBMs technical contributions to high level programming languages from the viewpoint of speciJic languages and their contributions to the technology. The philosophy used in this paper is that it is the appropriate collection of features in a language which generally makes the contribution to the technology, rather than an individual(More)
I am pleased to announce that after consultation with all the other people involved, I have decided to adopt and implement the new Computing Reviews classification system, incorporating the changes described on page 14 by Anthony Ralston. The final version is on pages 17-25. Despite our having given people very little time, the responses we received were(More)
1. INTRODUCTIO N This paper discusses (1) some genera l concepts of design languages, (2) th e development of the specific desig n language denoted as PDL/Ada, (3) th e specific features of PDL/Ada, and (4) some problems encountered and technique s used in defining PDL/Ada. An appendix shows two examples. Because of spac e constraints, each of these items(More)
This paper describes some factors in, approaches to, and specific elements of, programming language history. It first lists a number of general factors and approaches which can be used to discuss the history of programming languages. After presenting a life cycle for programming language development, it provides numerous illustrations of programming(More)
19604984 New cover design initiated with the January 1985 issue. Introduction Computing Reviews has been established by the Association for Computing Machinery at a time when a great ferment has arisen within the Association for more activity on the part of ACM in furthering the development of computers, computation, data processing, and all their various(More)
Sammet and Garfunkel Trace some of the changes in COBOL from its initial 1960 specifications to its current draft 1985 standard. Sammet was there at the beginning, and Garfunkel has been deeply involved in the upgrading of the language and documenting its changes over various versions. The paper contains illustrations of language features that have changed(More)