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In the present study, we have shown that a downstream element located in the coding region of the TATA-less rat xanthine dehydrogenase/oxidase (XDH/XO) gene (-7 to +42) plays an important role in transcription initiation and C/EBP transcriptional activation. Previous work from our laboratory has shown that the promoter is organized with multiple initiator(More)
We previously reported that the TATA-less rat xanthine dehydrogenase/oxidase (XDH/XO) promoter is organized with multiple initiator elements (Inr 1, 2, 3 and 4). Additionally, we identified six factor binding footprints in the upstream region of this promoter (FP 1-FP 6), two of which (FP 2 and FP 4) we showed to be C/EBP binding sites. In this report we(More)
In the present study, we have explored further the organization of the TATA-less rat xanthine dehydrogenase/oxidase gene (XDH/XO). A DNase I hypersensitive site has been identified which it colocalizes with the basal promoter reported previously [Chow et al. (1994) Nucleic Acids Res., 22, 1846-1854]. Gel mobility shift assays indicate the presence of(More)
Corticosteroids are widely used as therapy for the adult respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) without proof of efficacy. We conducted a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of methylprednisolone therapy in 99 patients with refractory hypoxemia, diffuse bilateral infiltrates on chest radiography and absence of congestive heart(More)
Alveolar macrophages (AM) appear to influence the recruitment of neutrophils into the lung by the elaboration of both lipid and peptide chemotactic molecules for neutrophils. Little is known about the mechanisms that regulate production or release of chemotactic molecules by AM or the interaction between these classes of chemotactic molecules. We(More)
The U.S. military provides humanitarian assistance in many areas around the globe. With recent changes in the force structure of the U.S. Army, internal medicine physicians are now at the forefront of providing this care, but the extent of their involvement is not known. This study measured the frequency with which recently trained Army internists provided(More)
There is controversy concerning whether intravascular activation of neutrophils during acute inflammation injures contiguous endothelial cells in vivo. Several physiologic defense mechanisms tend to limit such injury. In this paper we have examined evidence for one of these putative protective mechanisms: endothelial cell modulation of the activation(More)
To determine whether circulating leukocytes contribute to gas exchange abnormalities in diffuse lung injury, we retrospectively examined oxygenation in 6 patients who met 3 criteria: leukopenia caused by marrow aplasia from remission-inducing chemotherapy for myelogenous leukemia, the eventual resolution of leukopenia, and concurrent acute respiratory(More)