In 3 experiments, this article compares how overhearers interpreted second speakers' contributions to a conversation depending on whether the second speaker responded to a first speaker immediately; paused and responded; said um and responded; or said um, paused, and then responded. The conversational snippets tested were unscripted and diverse; an example… (More)
A growing body of work has highlighted the challenges of identifying the stance that a speaker holds towards a particular topic, a task that involves identifying a holistic subjective disposition. We examine stance classification on a corpus of 4873 posts from the debate website ConvinceMe.net, for 14 topics ranging from the playful to the ideological. We… (More)
Nitrogen fixation is a symbiotic process initiated by chemical signals from legumes that are recognized by soil bacteria. Here we show that some endocrine-disrupting chemicals (EDCs), so called because of their effect on hormone-signalling pathways in animal cells, also interfere with the symbiotic signalling that leads to nitrogen fixation. Our results… (More)
The Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS) is developing a Computer-Assisted Data Collection (CADC) instrument for the Commodities and Services (C&S) survey for the Consumer Price Index (CPI). The instrument must be flexible enough to handle a variety of procedures and situations, but it must also be logical and useful for the data collectors and provide tools to… (More)
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Public government web sites offer a promise of quick, convenient, and easy access to information and services. This has led many governments to push for an unprecedented move of publications, forms, and other information and services to this medium. There are many design challenges in developing public government web sites. In this SIG we aim to identify… (More)
o encourage e option of selecting ternet is one of the n access the nvenience. Properly respondents' task of view, the Internet ces data entry costs, because respondents enter data themselves. Further, Web surveys ost-data collection al for enhancing addition, the potential ection mode might On the other hand, there are some possible drawbacks to Web data… (More)