Jean E. Crabtree

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cagA, a gene that codes for an immunodominant antigen, is present only in Helicobacter pylori strains that are associated with severe forms of gastroduodenal disease (type I strains). We found that the genetic locus that contains cagA (cag) is part of a 40-kb DNA insertion that likely was acquired horizontally and integrated into the chromosomal glutamate(More)
Most strains of Helicobacter pylori from patients with peptic ulcer disease or intestinal-type gastric cancer carry cagA, a gene that encodes an immunodominant protein of unknown function, whereas many of the strains from asymptomatically infected persons lack this gene. Recent studies showed that the cagA gene lies near the right end of a approximately(More)
Helicobacter pylori infects the stomach of half of the human population worldwide and causes chronic active gastritis, which can lead to peptic ulcer disease, gastric adenocarcinoma, and mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma. The host immune response to the infection is ineffective, because the bacterium persists and the inflammation continues for(More)
The production of tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF alpha) and interleukin-6 by human antral mucosa during short term culture in vitro has been measured by enzyme linked immunosorbent assay. TNF alpha and interleukin-6 concentrations in culture supernatants were significantly greater (p less than 0.001) in patients infected with Helicobacter pylori, all of(More)
AIMS To investigate the expression of interleukin-8 (IL-8) in Helicobacter pylori infected normal and neoplastic gastroduodenal mucosa, and in established gastric cancer cell lines. METHODS Immunofluorescence techniques were used to localise IL-8 in cryosections of gastric (n = 25) and duodenal (n = 17) endoscopic biopsy specimens an in resected gastric(More)
Helicobacter pylori has a major aetiological role in human gastric carcinogenesis but the cellular and molecular pathways by which infection promotes transformation remain to be resolved. This study demonstrates that H. pylori exposure to MKN-1, ST42, and MKN-28 gastric epithelial tumour cells results in the activation of HB-EGF gene expression and EGFR(More)
Several approaches to surface membrane stripping have been applied to the adult schistosome. Membrane removal was evaluated by the use of different extrinsic and intrinsic markers of which alkaline phosphatase proved to be the most reliable. After initial studies employing incubation of worms in buffer alone, Triton X-100 or freeze/thaw, the last method was(More)
Chronic gastritis induced by Helicobacter pylori is the strongest known risk factor for adenocarcinoma of the distal stomach, yet only a minority of people who harbour this organism ever develop cancer. H. pylori isolates possess substantial genotypic diversity, which engenders differential host inflammatory responses that influence clinical outcome. H.(More)
AIMS To use a range of natural phenotypically variant strains of Helicobacter pylori with disparate CagA and VacA (vacuolating cytotoxin) expression to determine which bacterial factors are more closely associated with epithelial interleukin-8 (IL-8) induction. METHODS Gastric epithelial cells (AGS and KATO-3) were co-cultured with five H pylori strains(More)