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Increasing fruit load (from no berries present to 25, 50 and 100% of the initial fruit load) significantly decreased branch growth on 5-year-old coffee (Coffea arabica L.) trees of the dwarf cultivar 'Costa Rica 95', during their third production cycle. Ring-barking the branches further reduced their growth. Berry dry mass at harvest was significantly(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Cotton shows a marked plasticity vs. density in terms of branch development and geometry, internode elongation and leaf expansion. This paper proposes interpretations for observed plasticity in terms of light quantity and quality. METHODS 3-D virtual plants were reconstructed from field observations and 3-D digitization and were used(More)
We monitored seasonal variations in net primary production (NPP), estimated by allometric equations from organ dimensions, gross primary production (GPP), estimated by the eddy covariance method, autotrophic respiration (R(a)), estimated by a model, and fruit production in a coconut (Cocos nucifera L.) plantation located in the sub-tropical South Pacific(More)
Source-sink relationships of field-grown plants of Coffea arabica L. cultivar 'Caturra' were manipulated to analyze the contribution of soluble sugars to sink feedback down-regulation of maximal leaf net CO2 assimilation rate (Amax). Total soluble sugar concentration (SSCm) and Amax were measured in the morning and afternoon on mature leaves of girdled(More)
Understanding the effects of exogenous factors on tree development is of major importance in the current context of global change. Assessing the structure development of trees is difficult given that they are large and complex organisms with lifespan of several decades. We used a retrospective analysis to derive the ontogenetic trends in silver fir(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Tillering is an essential factor when estimating yield, but investigations rarely include both the temporal and spatial changes that occur in tillers. This study analyses the morphology and development dynamics of each tiller, based on its topological location, the timing of appearance and main stem development stage. METHODS An indica(More)
BACKGROUND AND AIMS Light interception is a critical factor in the production of biomass. The study presented here describes a method used to take account of architectural changes over time in sunflower and to estimate absorbed light at the organ level. METHODS The amount of photosynthetically active radiation absorbed by a plant is estimated on a daily(More)
Three-dimensional (3D) reconstruction of plants is time-consuming and involves considerable levels of data acquisition. This is possibly one reason why the integration of genetic variability into 3D architectural models has so far been largely overlooked. In this study, an allometry-based approach was developed to account for architectural variability in 3D(More)
Very high spatial resolution (VHSR) satellite images provide interesting information for parameterizing tree-scale forest process-based models, and in particular their light absorption submodels, which is at the basis of photosynthesis calculation. Such tree-scale models require a large amount of field measurements to describe the forest ecosystems, i.e.(More)
Beta-2 microglobulin (beta 2 M) is a low molecular weight protein filtered by the renal glomerulus, then reabsorbed and metabolized at the proximal tubule. Its blood concentration is a good renal index, as it is independent from muscle mass and diet contrary to creatinine. We assayed serum beta 2 M in 190 cases of diabetes mellitus divided into 71(More)