Jean Dansereau

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In order to study the biomechanical behavior of the whole human spine and thorax, as well as orthopaedic treatment effects, a new generation model is proposed, which includes a precise functional representation of the posterior part of the spine, while respecting computational capabilities. This paper presents the geometrical aspects of this model. The(More)
This paper presents an in vivo validation of a method for the three-dimensional (3-D) high-resolution modeling of the human spine, rib cage, and pelvis for the study of spinal deformities. The method uses an adaptation of a standard close-range photogrammetry method called direct linear transformation to reconstruct the 3-D coordinates of anatomical(More)
In the past, several techniques have been developed to study and analyse the 3D characteristics of the human spine: multi-view radiographic or biplanar 3D reconstructions, CT-scan 3D reconstructions and geometric models. Extensive evaluations of three of these techniques that are routinely used at Sainte-Justine Hospital (Montréal, Canada) are presented.(More)
Prolonged static sitting can lead to discomfort, pain, pressure sores, spinal curvatures, and loss of functional independence. In order to counteract these harmful effects, adjustable tilt and/or recline systems are often prescribed. Considering the current context of assistive technology service delivery and budget cuts, it is essential to have a better(More)
Scoliosis is a complex three-dimensional deformity of the spine and rib cage frequently treated by brace. Although bracing produces significant correction in the frontal plane, it generally reduces the normal sagittal plane curvatures and has limited effect in the transverse plane. The goal of this study is to develop a new optimization approach using a(More)
A stereoradiographic method was developed to measure the three-dimensional shape of the rib cage in vivo in order to provide descriptive data and to study symmetry in the normal population. The method is also intended for use in description of rib asymmetry in scoliosis. Rib midlines were reconstructed from digitized points on lines drawn through the middle(More)
OBJECTIVES To analyse patient-specific bracing biomechanics in the treatment of scoliosis. DESIGN Two complementary computer tools have been developed to quantify the brace action on scoliotic spine from pressure measurements, and to simulate its effect on patient-adapted finite element model. BACKGROUND Brace pad forces and brace effect on spine(More)
This paper presents a method to determine the stereoradiographic planes and anatomical vertebral landmarks giving the most reliable three-dimensional reconstructions of the thoracic and lumbar spine for clinical studies. The present investigation was limited to stereoradiographic setups with a normal vertical stereo base. Possible X-ray tube positions are(More)
While the etiology and pathogenesis of adolescent idiopathic scoliosis are still not well understood, it is generally recognized that it progresses within a biomechanical process involving asymmetrical loading of the spine and vertebral growth modulation. This study intends to develop a finite element model incorporating vertebral growth and growth(More)
It is generally recognized that progressive adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) evolves within a self-sustaining biomechanical process involving asymmetrical growth modulation of vertebrae due to altered spinal load distribution. A biomechanical finite element model of normal thoracic and lumbar spine integrating vertebral growth was used to simulate the(More)