Jean Dansereau

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The lack of reliable techniques to follow up scoliotic deformity from the external asymmetry of the trunk leads to a general use of X-rays and indices of spinal deformity. Young adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis need intensive follow-ups for many years and, consequently, they are repeatedly exposed to ionising radiation, which is hazardous to their(More)
Among the external manifestations of scoliosis, the rib hump, which is associated with the ribs' deformities and rotations, constitutes the most disturbing aspect of the scoliotic deformity for patients. A personalized 3-D model of the rib cage is important for a better evaluation of the deformity, and hence, a better treatment planning. A novel method for(More)
A new system has been developed to capture the body-seat interface shape. It can repeatedly and accurately measure interface deformation. The shape sensing array system uses optical fiber technology and is noninvasive. The system can cover an interface as large as 400 x 480 mm and the shape is measured over a 10 x 12 array of sensors laminated on ribbon(More)
3-D assessment of scoliotic deformities relies on an accurate 3-D reconstruction of bone structures from biplanar X-rays, which requires a precise detection and matching of anatomical structures in both views. In this paper, we propose a novel semiautomated technique for detecting complete scoliotic rib borders from PA-0° and PA-20° chest radiographs, by(More)
This paper presents a magnetic resonance image (MRI)/X-ray spine registration method that compensates for the change in the curvature of the spine between standing and prone positions for scoliotic patients. MRIs in prone position and X-rays in standing position are acquired for 14 patients with scoliosis. The 3D reconstructions of the spine are then(More)
The main objective of this study was to develop a 3-D X-ray reconstruction system of the spine and rib cage for an accurate 3-D clinical assessment of spinal deformities. The system currently used at Sainte-Justine Hospital in Montreal is based on an implicit calibration technique based on a direct linear transform (DLT), using a sufficiently large rigid(More)
Finite element (FE) models are very efficient tools to study internal stresses in human structures that induce severe pressure sores. Unfortunately, methods currently used to generate FE models are not suitable for clinical application involving wheelchair users. A clinical-oriented method, based on calibrated-biplanar radiographs, was therefore developed(More)
The Boston brace has been shown to efficiently prevent scoliosis curve progression. However, it rarely achieves complete 3-D correction; its adjustment being often empirical and its biomechanical modes of action still remaining poorly understood. This study investigates the in-brace spinal shape (correction) in relationship with the patient's out-of-brace(More)
While scoliotic spinal deformity is traditionally measured by the Cobb angle, we seek to estimate scoliosis severity from the torso surface without X-ray radiation. Here, we measured the Cobb angle in three ways: by protractor from postero-anterior X-ray, by computer from a 3-D digitized model of the vertebral body line, and by neural-network estimation(More)