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This paper presents an in vivo validation of a method for the three-dimensional (3-D) high-resolution modeling of the human spine, rib cage, and pelvis for the study of spinal deformities. The method uses an adaptation of a standard close-range photogrammetry method called direct linear transformation to reconstruct the 3-D coordinates of anatomical(More)
The main objective of this study was to develop a 3-D X-ray reconstruction system of the spine and rib cage for an accurate 3-D clinical assessment of spinal deformities. The system currently used at Sainte-Justine Hospital in Montreal is based on an implicit calibration technique based on a direct linear transform (DLT), using a sufficiently large rigid(More)
The lack of reliable techniques to follow up scoliotic deformity from the external asymmetry of the trunk leads to a general use of X-rays and indices of spinal deformity. Young adolescents with idiopathic scoliosis need intensive follow-ups for many years and, consequently, they are repeatedly exposed to ionising radiation, which is hazardous to their(More)
It is generally recognized that progressive adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) evolves within a self-sustaining biomechanical process involving asymmetrical growth modulation of vertebrae due to altered spinal load distribution. A biomechanical finite element model of normal thoracic and lumbar spine integrating vertebral growth was used to simulate the(More)
A stereoradiographic method was developed to measure the three-dimensional shape of the rib cage in vivo in order to provide descriptive data and to study symmetry in the normal population. The method is also intended for use in description of rib asymmetry in scoliosis. Rib midlines were reconstructed from digitized points on lines drawn through the middle(More)
Rib cage deformity is an important component of scoliosis, but few authors have reported the three-dimensional (3-D) effect of surgical procedures with posterior instrumentation systems on the shape of the rib cage. The objective of this prospective clinical study was to measure the short-term 3-D changes in the shape of the rib cage at the apex of the(More)
Three-dimensional (3-D) reconstructions of the spine are being used with increasing frequency to describe scoliotic deformities, but the reproducibility of most of these techniques and the implication for the reliability of measurements made on the reconstructions has not been reported. How reliable are these reconstructions, and can a clinician interpret(More)
In this paper, a semi-automatic method for segmenting pressure distribution image-based data at the body-seat interface is presented. The purpose of this work was to estimate the surface and the load supported by the ischial tuberosity (IT) region. The proposed method involves three steps: (1) detecting the IT region using a pressure-distribution image(More)