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When cultivated in the presence of trypsin, the Ruminococcus gnavus E1 strain, isolated from a human fecal sample, was able to produce an antibacterial substance that accumulated in the supernatant. This substance, called ruminococcin A, was purified to homogeneity by reverse-phase chromatography. It was shown to be a 2,675-Da bacteriocin harboring a(More)
PURPOSE Delayed diarrhea is the most important side effect of irinotecan. The aim of this study was to investigate the role of intestinal microflora on the induction of systemic and intestinal toxicity and diarrhea, studying germ-free and holoxenic mice i.p. injected with irinotecan. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN To evaluate the lethal dose, starting with 100(More)
An antibacterial substance appeared within 1 day in feces of gnotobiotic rats harboring a human intestinal Peptostreptococcus strain. It disappeared when the rat bile-pancreatic duct was ligatured or when the rats ingested a trypsin inhibitor. Anaerobic cultures of the Peptostreptococcus strain in a medium supplemented with trypsin also exhibited an(More)
An animal model for Clostridium butyricum necrotizing cecitis has been developed in axenic chickens inoculated orally between 2 and 50 days of life. Cecitis was obtained with two C. butyricum strains isolated from neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis and not with a Clostridium beijerinckii strain from dairy products; the rate of colonization of the intestinal(More)
Clostridium difficile, C. perfringens, and C. tertium are very often present simultaneously in the feces of conventional diarrheic young hares, whereas these three bacterial species are rarely encountered and never present simultaneously in the feces of healthy young hares. When a strain of each of the three bacterial species was monoassociated with axenic(More)
Using axenic quails fed a diet containing lactose, we have investigated the potentially pathogenic roles of six Clostridium butyricum strains of human origin. Three strains (CB155-3, CB1002, and CB203-1) isolated from neonatal necrotizing enterocolitis patients and two of three strains (CB19-1 and CB25-2) isolated from healthy newborns led to cecal or crop(More)
Ruminococcus gnavus E1, Bacteroides thetaiotaomicron LEMF4, Clostridium hathewayi LEMC7, and Clostridium orbiscindens LEMH9 were isolated from ex germ-free mice inoculated with a human faecal microbiota. When initially germ-free mice who were previously inoculated with the strain E1 alone, or a four-strain consortium [E1, LEMF4, LEMC7, and LEMH9], were then(More)
Volatile fatty acid (VFA) productions from lactose and lactate by a Clostridium butyricum and a Veillonella alcalescens strain, alone or in combination with a Lactobacillus acidophilus strain, were determined both in vitro in culture media and in vivo in the ceca of gnotobiotic animals. Gnotobiotic rats, which possess intestinal lactase, and chickens, which(More)
The cecal content of a healthy young hare (a 10-fold dilution prepared in anaerobiosis) was transferred into gnotobiotic recipient mice. The fecal flora of recipient mice was inoculated into 49 conventional young hares (kept in a closed building) immediately after birth. All the inoculated hares survived until weaning whereas 35% of 48 non-treated(More)
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