Jean Cougnard

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BACKGROUND Because of the diffuse nature of gliomatosis cerebri (GC), surgery is not suitable, and large field radiotherapy carries the risk of severe toxicity. In this setting, initial chemotherapy warrants further investigation. METHODS The authors treated 63 consecutive patients with GC with initial chemotherapy consisting of either PCV (procarbazine,(More)
H1-blockers are often added to the standard treatment of acute sinusitis, but this is not supported by a controlled study. A multicentric, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study was done in 139 allergic patients (15-65 years) to assess the adjunct efficacy of loratadine in acute exacerbation of rhinosinusitis. Sinusitis was(More)
According to World Health Organization (WHO) and Daumas-Duport grading systems, progression of oligodendrogliomas (ODGs) to a higher grade (WHO grade III, grade B) is associated with increased angiogenesis. Based on multivariate assessment of molecular, pathological, and radiological parameters, we further assessed the influence of tumor angiogenesis on(More)
The aim of the study was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of interferon alpha-2b with or without concomitant corticosteroid treatment in patients with chronic hepatitis B. Fifty-six patients were randomly allocated to two treatment groups. Group I (n = 25) received interferon alpha-2b (INTRON A, Schering-Plough Corporation) 5 million unit(More)
New-generation H1-blockers may possess antiallergic properties, and their effect may differ, depending on the target organ. A double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group study was carried out during the pollen season to compare the clinical effect on nasal and conjunctival symptoms of astemizole (10 mg o.d.) and loratadine (10 mg o.d.) with their(More)
BACKGROUND Symptoms of allergic rhinitis (AR), particularly nasal congestion, can impair quality-of-life (QoL). However, only a modest correlation exists between these symptoms and Rhinoconjunctivitis Quality of Life Questionnaire (RQLQ) scores, suggesting that both be evaluated for a complete assessment of health. METHODS Subjects with a > or =2-year(More)
The French selegiline multicenter trial was conducted in 1990 to test the possibility to improve disability of de novo parkinsonian patients (P.P.) during the first three months of treatment with selegiline (S) (10 mg/day) monotherapy. 93 P.P. were included in this double-blind, randomized, placebo controlled, clinical trial, in which 13 centers(More)
A population approach was used to determine isepamicin pharmacokinetics in 196 intensive care unit patients treated for nosocomial pneumonia with isepamicin and a broad-spectrum beta-lactam. Patients were randomized in four groups with respect to the following isepamicin dosing regimens: (i) 15 mg/kg od for 5 days or (ii) 10 days, (iii) 25 mg/kg on the(More)
The pharmacokinetics (PK) of isepamicin, a new aminoglycoside, were studied in 85 intensive care unit (ICU) patients and were compared with those observed in 10 healthy volunteers. A parametric method based on a nonlinear mixed-effect model was used to assess population PK. Isepamicin was given intravenously over 0.5 h at dosages of 15 mg/kg once daily or(More)
Netilmicin 1.5 mg/kg body weight was administered intravenously every 8 h for 2 days to 8 patients with normal renal function. Significant elevation of mean and trough plasma concentrations was found at 05.00 h and 09.00 h. This was considered to be due to circadian variation, with possible accumulation during the night. The clinical importance of this(More)