Learn More
Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 is a nuclear DNA-binding protein that participates in the DNA base excision repair pathway in response to genotoxic stress in mammalian cells. Here we show that PARP-1-deficient cells are defective in NF-kappaB-dependent transcription activation, but not in its nuclear translocation, in response to TNF-alpha. Treating mice(More)
Aortic rings isolated from rats 4 h after an injection i.p. of 30 mg/kg Escherichia coli lipopolysaccharide showed a marked hyporeactivity to noradrenaline. This effect was paralleled by an increase in the level of nitrite/nitrate in the serum of lipopolysaccharide-treated rats, indicative of an enhanced nitric oxide (NO) synthase activity. Most important,(More)
1. The aim of this study was to assess whether or not vasoactive nitric oxide (NO) stores exist within vascular tissue after lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treatment. 2. Rat thoracic aortic rings (for contraction experiments) or whole thoracic aortae (for electron paramagnetic resonance (e.p.r.) spectroscopy) were incubated for 18 h at 37 degrees C in the absence(More)
Consumption of polyphenol-rich foods, such as fruits and vegetables, and beverages derived from plants, such as cocoa, red wine and tea, may represent a beneficial diet in terms of cardiovascular protection. Indeed, epidemiological studies demonstrate a significant inverse correlation between polyphenol consumption and cardiovascular risk. Among the(More)
BACKGROUND The role of endogenous nitric oxide (NO) and cyclooxygenase metabolites was investigated in contractile responses of small omental arteries from patients with hyperdynamic septic shock. METHODS AND RESULTS Expression of inducible NO synthase (immunostaining) and a high but variable level of NO production (NO spin trapping) was detected in(More)
This study investigated the possible active principles which support the endothelial nitric oxide-dependent relaxation produced by red wine and other plant polyphenolic compounds in thoracic aorta from male Wistar rats (12-14 wk old). Relaxation experiments were recorded isometrically on vessels precontracted with norepinephrine. Ten different(More)
1. The dependence on extracellular L-arginine of vascular hyporeactivity induced by bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was studied in vivo in rats infused with LPS and in vitro in endothelium-denuded rat thoracic aortic rings exposed to LPS. 2. Infusion of LPS during 50 min at a dose of 10 mg kg-1 h-1 produced a significant impairment of the pressor effect(More)
1. The effects of selective inhibitors of adenosine 3':5'-cyclic monophosphate (cyclic AMP) and guanosine 3':5'-cyclic monophosphate (cyclic GMP) phosphodiesterases (PDEs) were investigated on PDEs isolated from the rat aorta and on relaxation of noradrenaline (1 microM) precontracted rat aortic rings, with and without functional endothelium. 2. Four PDE(More)
1. Endothelial dysfunction has been described with ageing but the mechanisms responsible have not been clearly elucidated and might be different from one vessel to the other. This study assesses the relative contribution of endothelial nitric oxide (NO) and cyclo-oxygenase (COX) metabolites in relaxation to acetylcholine with ageing in the aorta and the(More)