Jean-Claude Stoclet

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Poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 is a nuclear DNA-binding protein that participates in the DNA base excision repair pathway in response to genotoxic stress in mammalian cells. Here we show that PARP-1-deficient cells are defective in NF-kappaB-dependent transcription activation, but not in its nuclear translocation, in response to TNF-alpha. Treating mice(More)
1. Endothelial dysfunction has been described with ageing but the mechanisms responsible have not been clearly elucidated and might be different from one vessel to the other. This study assesses the relative contribution of endothelial nitric oxide (NO) and cyclo-oxygenase (COX) metabolites in relaxation to acetylcholine with ageing in the aorta and the(More)
This study investigated the possible active principles which support the endothelial nitric oxide-dependent relaxation produced by red wine and other plant polyphenolic compounds in thoracic aorta from male Wistar rats (12-14 wk old). Relaxation experiments were recorded isometrically on vessels precontracted with norepinephrine. Ten different(More)
Vascular aging is associated with both structural and functional changes that can take place at the level of the endothelium, vascular smooth muscle cells and the extracellular matrix of blood vessels. With regard to the endothelium, reduced vasodilatation in response to agonists occurs in large conduit arteries as well as in resistance arteries with aging.(More)
1. The effects of selective inhibitors of adenosine 3':5'-cyclic monophosphate (cyclic AMP) and guanosine 3':5'-cyclic monophosphate (cyclic GMP) phosphodiesterases (PDEs) were investigated on PDEs isolated from the rat aorta and on relaxation of noradrenaline (1 microM) precontracted rat aortic rings, with and without functional endothelium. 2. Four PDE(More)
Our method for producing tissue-engineered blood vessels based exclusively on the use of human cells, i.e., without artificial scaffolding, has previously been described (1). In this report, a tissue-engineered vascular media (TEVM) was specifically produced for pharmacological studies from cultured human vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMC). The VSMC(More)
1. The aim of this study was to assess whether or not vasoactive nitric oxide (NO) stores exist within vascular tissue after lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treatment. 2. Rat thoracic aortic rings (for contraction experiments) or whole thoracic aortae (for electron paramagnetic resonance (e.p.r.) spectroscopy) were incubated for 18 h at 37 degrees C in the absence(More)
1. The involvement of cyclo-oxygenase (COX) products and nitric oxide (NO) in contractile responses of resistance arteries to angiotensin II (AII) were investigated in small mesenteric arteries from spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats. 2. In endothelium intact vessels, AII induced concentration-dependent responses without any(More)
1. The aim of this investigation was to study the relationship between contractile responsiveness, activation of the L-arginine pathway and tissue levels of guanosine 3':5'cyclic monophosphate (cylic GMP) in aortic rings removed from rats 4 h after intraperitoneal administration of bacterial endotoxin (E. coli. lipopolysaccharide, LPS, 20 mg kg-1). 2.(More)
1. The dependence on extracellular L-arginine of vascular hyporeactivity induced by bacterial lipopolysaccharide (LPS) was studied in vivo in rats infused with LPS and in vitro in endothelium-denuded rat thoracic aortic rings exposed to LPS. 2. Infusion of LPS during 50 min at a dose of 10 mg kg-1 h-1 produced a significant impairment of the pressor effect(More)