Jean-Claude Stamegna

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Functional respiratory recovery was evaluated by recording diaphragm and phrenic nerve activity several months after cervical cord hemisection followed by olfactory ensheathing cell (OEC) transplantation. The intact side was taken as a control in each rat. Sham-transplanted rats did not recover respiratory activity from the ipsilateral lesioned side. By(More)
After disruption of the descending respiratory pathways induced by unilateral cervical spinal cord injury (SCI) in rats, the inactivated ipsilateral (ipsi) phrenic nerve (PN) discharge may partially recover following some specific experimental procedures [such as contralateral (contra) phrenicotomy (Phx)]. This phrenic reactivation involves normally silent(More)
Although axon regeneration is limited in the central nervous system, partial lesions of the spinal cord induce neuroplasticity processes that can lead to spontaneous functional improvement. To determine whether such compensatory mechanisms occur in the respiratory system, we analyzed the incidence of partial injury of the cervical spinal cord on diaphragm(More)
Engraftment of nasal olfactory ensheathing cells (OEC) is considered as a promising therapeutic strategy for spinal cord repair and one clinical trial has already been initiated. However, while the vast majority of fundamental studies were focused on the recovery of locomotor function, the efficiency of this cellular tool for repairing respiratory motor(More)
This study aimed to highlight the functional aspects of diaphragm reinnervation by laryngeal motoneurons after bilateral phrenicotomy or complete cervical transection. The left recurrent laryngeal nerve was connected to the left phrenic nerve in 14 rats. Five months later, all bridged rats presented a substantial ipsilateral diaphragm recovery (74.2 +/- 10%(More)
High cervical spinal cord injury (SCI) interrupts bulbospinal respiratory pathways innervating phrenic motoneurons, and induces an inactivation of phrenic nerves (PN) and diaphragm. We have previously shown that the ipsilateral (ipsi) PN was inactivated following a lateral C2 SCI, but was spontaneously partially reactivated 7 days post-SCI. This phrenic(More)
Research on spinal cord trauma requires models reflecting the contusion mechanisms encountered in clinical situation. The aim of this study was to develop in the adult rat a reproducible model of upper cervical spinal cord contusion inducing persistent unilateral diaphragm deficit. After dura and pia matter removal, weight drop and compression were targeted(More)
The use of fluorescent dyes has been a major improvement for paths tracing studies. However, these tracers present different properties and have to be chosen carefully. The present study compares the ability of different tracers to specifically label phrenic motoneurons (PMNs) innervating the rat diaphragm. The administration of fluorogold (FG) from the(More)
In several central nervous system neuronal populations, axotomy triggers the upregulation of regeneration-associated genes such as c-Jun, which determines neurons ability to regenerate axon in a growth-permissive environment. We analyzed the expression of c-Jun in rat ventral medullary neurons after cervical hemisection in order to investigate their(More)
To evaluate the plasticity processes occurring in the spared and injured tissue after partial spinal cord injury, we have compared the level of axon growth markers after a C2 cervical hemisection in rats between the contralateral (spared) and ipsilateral (injured) cervical cord using western blotting and immunohistochemical techniques. In the ipsilateral(More)