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BACKGROUND There is increasing evidence that, in addition to the well-known effects on musculoskeletal health, vitamin D status may be related to a number of non-skeletal diseases. An international expert panel formulated recommendations on vitamin D for clinical practice, taking into consideration the best evidence available based on published literature(More)
The secretion and the blood levels of the adrenal steroid dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA) and its sulfate ester (DHEAS) decrease profoundly with age, and the question is posed whether administration of the steroid to compensate for the decline counteracts defects associated with aging. The commercial availability of DHEA outside the regular(More)
BACKGROUND Atherosclerosis and vascular calcifications are common causes of morbidity and mortality in maintenance haemodialysis patients. In addition to the well-known traditional risk factors, uraemia-specific factors appear to enhance dramatically the progression of the pathological processes involved. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the(More)
Assessing bone turnover is a key diagnostic tool in the global management of chronic kidney disease-mineral and bone disorder (CKD-MBD). Since bone biopsy is invasive and cannot be repeated in clinical practice and because bone histomorphometry is less available due to the lack of specialized laboratories, we will focus on potential biomarkers used to(More)
The National Kidney Foundation/Kidney-Dialysis Outcome Quality Initiative guidelines recommend to maintain the serum intact parathyroid hormone (PTH) concentration between 150 and 300 ng/l in chronic kidney disease (CKD) stage 5 patients. As these limits were derived from studies that used the Allegro intact PTH assay, we aimed to evaluate whether they were(More)
OBJECTIVE To determine the frequency and expression of hypoparathyroidism and the factors of short stature in 22q11.2 deletion syndrome to optimize clinical care. STUDY DESIGN Cross-sectional study of 39 patients 9.7 +/- 0.8 (2.5-20) years of age. RESULTS The congenital abnormalities were cardiac defects in 33 of 39, thymus hypoplasia in 15 of 18(More)
Fanconi's anemia can be associated with growth retardation. We describe biologic growth hormone deficiency, isolated or associated with thyrotropin abnormality, and pituitary stalk interruption syndrome on magnetic resonance imaging of 5 patients with Fanconi's anemia. Growth hormone treatment produced catch-up growth in all cases. These findings suggest a(More)
The prevention of increased bone remodeling in postmenopausal women at low 10-y risk of osteoporotic fractures essentially relies on reinforcement of environmental factors known to positively influence bone health, among which nutrition plays an important role. In institutionalized women in their mid-eighties, we previously found that consumption of(More)
Besides its well-known effect on bone metabolism, recent researches suggest that vitamin D may also play a role in the muscular, immune, endocrine, and central nervous systems. Double-blind RCTs support vitamin D supplementation at a dose of 800 IU per day for the prevention of falls and fractures in the senior population. Ecological, case-control and(More)
The contribution of vitamin D insufficiency to the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS) is reviewed. Among the multiple recently discovered actions of vitamin D, an immunomodulatory role has been documented in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis and in humans. This action in the peripheral immune system is currently the main known mechanism through(More)