Jean-Claude Pierrard

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The molecular mechanisms underlying the actions of K channel openers (KCOs) on KATP channels were studied with the patch clamp technique in excised inside-out patches from frog skeletal muscle fibers. Benzopyran KCOs (levcromakalim and SR 47063) opened channels partially blocked by ATP, ADP, or ATP gamma s, with and without Mg2+, but they had no effects in(More)
Complexation of the lanthanides Eu3+, Gd3+, and Tb3+ with 1,4,7,10-tetrakis(carboxymethyl)-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane (dota) has been studied in solution by using potentiometry, luminescence spectrometry, and EXAFS. Three series of successive complexes were characterized by at least two of these methods: the immediate [LnHn(dota)](n-1)+** and(More)
The new total synthesis in four steps of the compound P1041 is reported. This compound is a high molecular mass ligand (MW 6.32 kDa) derived from dota in which the four substituents are hydroxylated and contain amidic groups. The attribution of the nine protonation constants of P1041 is based on the comparison with the behaviour of the precursor ligands(More)
The emissions from a fleet of late-model cars fueled with commercial, high-aromatic, unleaded gasoline caused nearly twice as much atmospheric light extinction as those from a matched fleet fueled with commercial, low-aromatic, leaded gasoline, when both were driven according to a consumer operating cycle in an idle traffic tunnel. The increased extinction(More)
The purpose of this study was the simulation of lead solubility equilibria in mixtures of concrete lixiviation waters and ground waters in order to obtain the data necessary for the modelling of lead behaviour. The lixiviation water was impossible to obtain in sufficient quantity by compression of concrete specimens and was replaced by cement water prepared(More)
A new polyazamacrocyclic ligand (called pctga) containing pyridine and N-glutaryl arms has been synthesized as a potential agent for MRI (magnetic resonance imaging). Three series of successive complexes formed with Eu(3+) were characterized by at least two of the following methods: potentiometry, EXAFS or luminescence spectrometry. In the immediate(More)
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