Jean-Claude Philippe

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The survival of central neurons depends on multiple neurotrophic factors produced by different cell types. We demonstrate that media conditioned by muscle and Schwann cell lines show strong synergistic effects on survival of purified embryonic day 14.5 rat motoneurons in culture. Different lines of evidence implicate glial cell line-derived neurotrophic(More)
AIMS/HYPOTHESIS Following on from the emerging importance of the pancreas circadian clock on islet function and the development of type 2 diabetes in rodent models, we aimed to examine circadian gene expression in human islets. The oscillator properties were assessed in intact islets as well as in beta cells. METHODS We established a system for long-term(More)
Human breast cancer tissue contains enzymes (estrone sulfatase, 17beta-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase, aromatase) involved in the last steps of estradiol (E(2)) formation. In this tissue, E(2) can be synthesized by two main pathways: (1) sulfatase-transforms estrogen sulfates into bioactive E(2), and the (2) aromatase-converts androgens into estrogens.(More)
To assess whether connexin (Cx) expression contributes to insulin secretion, we have investigated normal and tumoral insulin-producing cells for connexins, gap junctions, and coupling. We have found that the glucose-sensitive cells of pancreatic islets and of a rat insulinoma are functionally coupled by gap junctions made of Cx43. In contrast, cells of(More)
In the nervous system, fibroblast growth factor-9 (FGF9) is produced mainly by neurons. By whole-mount in situ hybridization, on embryonic rat spinal cord, we observed Fgf9 expression in a subpopulation of motoneurons located in the thoracic and sacral regions of the median motor column that innervate the axial muscles. Furthermore, FGF9 prevented death of(More)
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