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Since Bert (1878) and Barcroft (1925), studies on hypoxia are realized by lowering ambient O(2) partial pressure (PO(2)) either by barometric pressure reduction (hypobaric hypoxia HH) or by lowering the O(2) fraction (normobaric hypoxia NH). Today, a question is still debated: "are there any physiological differences between HH and NH for the same ambient(More)
Erythropoiesis was studied in 11 subjects submitted to a 4-h hypoxia (HH) in a hypobaric chamber (4,500 m, barometric pressure 58.9 kPa) both before and after a 3-week sojourn in the Andes. On return to sea level, increased red blood cells (+3.27%), packed cell volume (+4.76%), haemoglobin (+6.55%) (P<0.05), and increased arterial partial pressure of oxygen(More)
Nowdays, occupational and recreational activities in cold environments are common. Exposure to cold induces thermoregulatory responses like changes of behaviour and physiological adjustments to maintain thermal balance either by increasing metabolic heat production by shivering and/or by decreasing heat losses consecutive to peripheral cutaneous(More)
Assessment of individual susceptibility to altitude illnesses and more particularly to acute mountain sickness (AMS) by means of tests performed in normobaric hypoxia (NH) or in hypobaric hypoxia (HH) is still debated. Eighteen subjects were submitted to HH and NH tests (PIO2=120 hPa, 30 min) before an expedition. Maximal and mean acute mountain sickness(More)
INTRODUCTION Residence at high altitude modifies thremoregulatory responses to cold stress upon return to lower altitude. These changes are difficult to explain since several stresses related to high altitude may interact, including hypoxia, cold, solar radiation, and physical exertion. We hypothesized that adaptation to hypoxia without cold exposure would(More)
Activation of the carbon dioxide molecule was achieved using bicyclic amidines (DBU, PMDBD, and DBN). The solution reaction of CO(2) with amidines yielded the corresponding zwitterionic complexes through the formation of a N-CO(2) bond. (13)C NMR data confirmed the carbamic nature of the carbamic zwitterions, DBU-CO(2) and PMDBD-CO(2). However, when these(More)
Platelet aggregation can be measured quantitatively by continuous recording of the transmission of a beam of light across a suspension of platelets in constant agitation in an aggregometer. In routine clinical investigation, the study of platelet aggregation is performed on platelet-rich citrated plasma (PRPc). The blood sample has to be excellent to(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Echolucent carotid plaques compared with echogenic plaques could carry a significant risk of transient ischemic attacks and strokes, but the reproducibility of new ultrasonic methods has not yet been proved. The objective was to evaluate interobserver and intraobserver agreement in characterizing the carotid plaques studied by both B(More)
Male mice were used to assess for the presence of aggression-promoting cues in the boar chemosignal, 5 alpha-androst-16-ene-3-one. The findings of Experiment 1 indicated that this steroid has no aggression-promoting properties when mixed in water. When mixed in urine from castrated males, however, the steroid was shown to induce agonistic behavior in(More)
BACKGROUND Sleep deprivation (SD) induces many adverse psychological and physiological effects, particularly on vigilance and the thermoregulatory system. The drug modafinil appears to suppress or diminish the harmful effects on vigilance. However, the effects of modafinil combined with SD on the circadian rhythm of core temperature are not well(More)