Jean Claude Gluckman

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Early interactions between lung dendritic cells (LDCs) and Mycobacterium tuberculosis, the etiological agent of tuberculosis, are thought to be critical for mounting a protective anti-mycobacterial immune response and for determining the outcome of infection. However, these interactions are poorly understood, at least at the molecular level. Here we show(More)
The early stages of human lymphopoiesis are poorly characterized. Here, we compared the lymphoid potential of a novel umbilical cord blood CD34(+)CD45RA(hi)CD7(+) hematopoietic progenitor cell (HPC) population with that of CD34(+)CD45RA(hi)Lin(-)CD10(+) HPCs, previously proposed as candidate common lymphoid progenitors. Limiting-dilution and clonal(More)
Monocytes (MO) cultured for > or =5 days with either macrophage-CSF (M-CSF) or granulocyte macrophage (GM)-CSF and IL-4 differentiated without concomitant proliferation into CD14+ macrophages (Mphi) or CD1a+ dendritic cells (DC), respectively. When adherent and nonadherent CD14high Mphi from M-CSF cultures were separated and cultured further in(More)
Dendritic cells (DCs) are likely to play a key role in immunity against Mycobacterium tuberculosis, but the fate of the bacterium in these cells is still unknown. Here we report that, unlike macrophages (Mphis), human monocyte-derived DCs are not permissive for the growth of virulent M. tuberculosis H37Rv. Mycobacterial vacuoles are neither acidic nor fused(More)
Polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) are rapidly recruited to tissues upon injury or infection. There, they can encounter local and/or recruited immature dendritic cells (iDCs), a colocalization that could promote at least transient interactions and mutually influence the two leukocyte populations. Using human live blood PMNs and monocyte-derived iDCs, we(More)
Here, we identify fetal bone marrow (BM)-derived CD34hiCD45RAhiCD7+ hematopoietic progenitors as thymus-colonizing cells. This population, virtually absent from the fetal liver (FL), emerges in the BM by development weeks 8-9, where it accumulates throughout the second trimester, to finally decline around birth. Based on phenotypic, molecular, and(More)
We analyzed the role of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 matrix protein (MA) during the virus replication afferent phase. Single-round infection of H9 T lymphocytes showed that the combined mutation of MA Lys residues 26-27 in MA reported nuclear localization signal (NLS)-1 impaired infectivity, abrogated 2-LTR-circle formation and significantly reduced(More)
The most effective antigen-presenting cells for T lymphocytes are dendritic cells (DCs), the differentiation pathway of which, however, is incompletely characterized. We examined here how DCs differentiated from human cord blood CD34+ progenitor cells cultured with granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor, tumor necrosis factor-a, and stem cell(More)
We report that human T cells persistently infected with primate foamy virus type 1 (PFV-1) display an increased capacity to bind human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1), resulting in increased cell permissiveness to HIV-1 infection and enhanced cell-to-cell virus transmission. This phenomenon is independent of HIV-1 receptor, CD4, and it is not related(More)