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Hypertension is frequently associated with the development of renal vascular fibrosis. This pathophysiologic process is due to the abnormal formation of extracellular matrix proteins, mainly collagen type I. In previous studies, it has been observed that the pharmacologic blockade of angiotensin II (Ang II) or endothelin (ET) blunted the development of(More)
BACKGROUND Proteinuria is a major marker of the decline of renal function and an important risk factor of coronary heart disease. Elevated proteinuria is associated to the disruption of slit-diaphragm and loss of podocyte foot processes, structural alterations that are considered irreversible. The objective of the present study was to investigate whether(More)
Hypertension is associated with vascular remodeling characterized by rearrangement of extracellular matrix proteins. To evaluate how matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 contributes to the progression of hypertensive vascular disease in vivo, wild-type (wt) or MMP-9(-/-) mice were treated with angiotensin II (Ang II; 1 microg/kg per minute, by minipump) plus a(More)
OBJECTIVE Fragile X-associated tremor ataxia syndrome (FXTAS) is defined by FMR1 premutation, cerebellar ataxia, intentional tremor, and middle cerebellar peduncle (MCP) hyperintensities. We delineate the clinical, neurophysiologic, and morphologic characteristics of FXTAS. METHODS Clinical, morphologic (brain MRI, (123)I-ioflupane SPECT), and(More)
OBJECTIVE To clarify the clinical and neurophysiologic spectrum of myoclonus-dystonia patients with mutations of the SGCE gene. METHODS We prospectively studied 41 consecutive patients from 22 families with documented mutations of the SGCE gene. The patients had a standardized interview, neurologic examination, and detailed neurophysiologic examination,(More)
Diabetes mellitus (DM) has become an epidemic, causing a significant decline in quality of life of individuals due to its multisystem involvement. Kidney is an important target organ in DM accounting for the majority of patients requiring renal replacement therapy at dialysis units. Microalbuminuria (MA) has been a valuable tool to predict end-organ damage(More)
Vascular remodeling and rearrangement of the extracellular matrix formation are among the major adaptive mechanisms to chronic increase in blood pressure. In previous studies we have found that angiotensin II (Ang II) participates in the hypertension-associated aortic and renal vascular fibrosis by stimulating collagen type I formation. The purpose of the(More)
BACKGROUND The progression of hypertension during NO deficiency is associated with renal vascular fibrosis due to increased extracellular matrix (mainly collagen I) formation. The purpose of the present study was to investigate whether endothelin-1 (ET-1) is involved in this pathophysiological process. METHODS AND RESULTS Treatment of rats for 4 weeks(More)
BACKGROUND Hypertension is frequently associated with renal vascular fibrosis. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether angiotensin II (Ang II) is involved in this fibrogenic process. METHODS AND RESULTS Experiments were performed on transgenic mice harboring the luciferase gene under the control of the collagen I-alpha(2) chain promoter(More)