Jean-Claude Chomel

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BACKGROUND Micro-RNAs (miRNAs) control gene expression by destabilizing targeted transcripts and inhibiting their translation. Aberrant expression of miRNAs has been described in many human cancers, including chronic myeloid leukemia. Current first-line therapy for newly diagnosed chronic myeloid leukemia is imatinib mesylate, which typically produces a(More)
Kumari and colleagues have recently reported a detailed analysis of BCR-ABL expression in CFU-Cs (colony forming units in culture) of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia (CML).1 Using quantitative reverse-transcription PCR on individual Ph1 hematopoietic colonies, they demonstrated that CFU-Cs from patients in major molecular response (MMR) displayed(More)
STAT5 fulfills essential roles in hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) self-renewal and chronic myeloid leukemia (CML), a prototypical stem cell malignancy. However, the specific contributions of the two related genes STAT5A and STAT5B have not been determined. In this study, we used a RNAi-based strategy to establish participation of these genes to CML disease(More)
The murine equivalent of neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin (NGAL) was previously found to be increased by BCR-ABL expression in murine models of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). Our study evaluates, in CML patients at various clinical stages, the levels of NGAL mRNA in blood samples and protein in sera. A highly significant increase of mRNA(More)
The diagnosis of chronic myeloid leukemia is based on detection of the Philadelphia (Ph) chromosome or the BCR-ABL gene. The junction present in the transcript may vary according to the reciprocal translocation t(9;22)(q34;11). Identification of the transcript (p190, p210 or p230) does not reveal the type of junction but this information is very important(More)
Sustained undetectable molecular residual disease (UMRD) is obtained in a minority of patients with chronic myeloid leukemia treated with tyrosine kinase inhibitors. It remains unclear whether these patients are definitively cured of their leukemia or whether leukemic stem cells (LSCs) persist in their BM. We have evaluated the presence of(More)
Tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) have profoundly changed the natural history of chronic myeloid leukemia (CML). However, acquired resistance to imatinib, dasatinib or nilotinib (1(st) and 2(nd) generation TKIs), due in part to BCR-ABL1 kinase mutations, has been largely described. These drugs are ineffective on the T315I gatekeeper substitution, which(More)
Although it is generally acknowledged that cytokines regulate normal hematopoiesis in an autocrine/paracrine fashion, their possible role in chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) and resistance to imatinib mesylate treatment remain poorly investigated. Here, we report that CD34(+) progenitors from patients with CML at diagnosis are selectively targeted by the(More)
Since the isolation of the cystic fibrosis transmembrane conductance regulator gene (CFTR) and the characterization of the main mutation (ΔF508) in 1989, a large number of rare mutations has been found. Full screening of the CFTR gene is difficult because it is split into 27 exons covering 250 kb of genomic DNA. This gene is essentially expressed in the(More)
Blepharophimosis-ptosis-epicanthus inversus syndrome (BPES) is an autosomal dominant malformation of the eyelids that may severely impair visual function. Chromosomal aberrations involving chromosomes 3q23, 3p25 and 7p34 have been reported in BPES but the disease gene has not been hitherto localized by linkage analysis. We have mapped a gene for BPES to(More)