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OBJECTIVE Very few studies have attempted to quantify the true (application) accuracy of image-guidance systems during craniotomy. This is, in part, because of the lack of millimetric intraoperative targets to allow such measurements. Few in vivo studies have compared the influence of mode of patient registration on subsequent true accuracy. METHODS Seven(More)
OBJECTIVE To demonstrate that amputees performing "virtual" movements of their amputated limb activate cortical areas previously devoted to their missing limb, we studied amputees with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and positron emission tomographic (PET) scans and compared the results with those of normal volunteers performing imaginary(More)
BACKGROUND The risk of delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) after subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH) is associated with large cerebral artery vasospasm, but vasospasm is not a strong predictor for DCI. Assessment of cerebral autoregulation with transcranial Doppler (TCD) may improve the prediction of DCI. The aim of this prospective study was to assess the value of(More)
OBJECT Sparing optic radiations can be of paramount importance during epilepsy surgery of the temporal lobe. The anatomical heterogeneity of the Meyer's loop of the optic radiations could be assessed by means of diffusion tensor tractography. We used temporal lobe surgery as a lesion model to validate this method. MATERIAL AND METHODS We analyzed the(More)
Interaction between differentiating neural stem cells and the extracellular environment guides the establishment of cell polarity during nervous system development. Developing neurons read the physical properties of the local substrate in a contact-dependent manner and retrieve essential guidance cues. To restore damage brain area by tissue engineering, the(More)
BACKGROUND Based on our previous results showing the involvement of the farnesylated form of RhoB in glioblastoma radioresistance, we designed a phase II trial associating the farnesyltransferase inhibitor Tipifarnib with radiotherapy in patients with glioblastoma and studied the prognostic values of the proteins which we have previously shown control this(More)
The primary intracranial development of olfactory neuroblastomas, outside olfactory epithelium, is rare. We report a case of primary sellar neuroblastoma without any aggressive histopathological features, managed solely surgically without adjuvant therapy, with good outcomes at 3 years. Primary sellar neuroblastomas mostly occur in women in the 4th decade(More)
Several neuropeptide FF (NPFF)-related peptides, known as modulators of the opioid system, have been previously characterized in bovine and rodent brain. Reverse-phase high pressure liquid chromatography (HPLC) fractions of a human with normal pressure hydrocephalus cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), co-migrating with NPFF-related synthetic peptides, were(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic subdural haematoma is a common pathology, which can be complicated by seizures. Seizures may worsen the outcome of patients presenting with a chronic subdural haematoma. However, since the overall and postoperative incidence of seizures and their impact on patients' outcome has been diversely appreciated in the literature, the interest of(More)