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The aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR) is a ligand-dependent transcription factor best known for mediating the toxicity of dioxin. Environmental factors are believed to contribute to the increased prevalence of autoimmune diseases, many of which are due to the activity of T(H)17 T cells, a new helper T-cell subset characterized by the production of the(More)
We have developed NetPath as a resource of curated human signaling pathways. As an initial step, NetPath provides detailed maps of a number of immune signaling pathways, which include approximately 1,600 reactions annotated from the literature and more than 2,800 instances of transcriptionally regulated genes - all linked to over 5,500 published articles.(More)
Lately, IL-17-secreting Th cells have received an overwhelming amount of attention and are now widely held to be the major pathogenic population in autoimmune diseases. In particular, IL-22-secreting Th17 cells were shown to specifically mark the highly pathogenic population of self-reactive T cells in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE). As(More)
The development of T helper (T(H))17 and regulatory T (T(reg)) cells is reciprocally regulated by cytokines. Transforming growth factor (TGF)-beta alone induces FoxP3(+) T(reg) cells, but together with IL-6 or IL-21 induces T(H)17 cells. Here we demonstrate that IL-9 is a key molecule that affects differentiation of T(H)17 cells and T(reg) function. IL-9(More)
IL-9 fate reporter mice established type 2 innate lymphoid cells (ILC2s) as major producers of this cytokine in vivo. Here we focus on the role of IL-9 and ILC2s during the lung stage of infection with Nippostrongylus brasiliensis, which results in substantial tissue damage. IL-9 receptor (IL-9R)-deficient mice displayed reduced numbers of ILC2s in the lung(More)
OBJECTIVE To investigate the role of interleukin-22 (IL-22) in collagen-induced arthritis (CIA), an animal model of rheumatoid arthritis. METHODS C57BL/6 mice were immunized with type II collagen (CII) in Freund's incomplete adjuvant with added Mycobacterium tuberculosis, and levels of IL-22 and its specific receptor, IL-22 receptor type I (IL-22RI), were(More)
Fucosylation of intestinal epithelial cells, catalyzed by fucosyltransferase 2 (Fut2), is a major glycosylation mechanism of host-microbiota symbiosis. Commensal bacteria induce epithelial fucosylation, and epithelial fucose is used as a dietary carbohydrate by many of these bacteria. However, the molecular and cellular mechanisms that regulate the(More)
Mucosal sites are continuously exposed to pathogenic microorganisms and are therefore equipped to control respiratory infections. Type 3 innate lymphoid cells (ILC3) are key players in antimicrobial defense in intestinal mucosa, through interleukin 17 and interleukin 22 (IL-22) production. The present study aimed at analyzing the distribution and function(More)
We have previously shown that the CC-chemokine 1-309 (CCL1) protects mouse thymic lymphomas against corticoid-induced apoptosis. Here, we analyzed the signal transduction pathways involved in this activity on BW5147 lymphoma. Inhibition of the CCL1 activity by pertussis toxin suggested the involvement of a G protein-coupled chemokine receptor. The role of(More)
Natural cytotoxicity receptors (including NKp30, NKp44, and NKp46 in humans and NKp46 in mice) are type I transmembrane proteins that signal NK cell activation via ITAM-containing adapter proteins in response to stress- and pathogen-induced ligands. Although murine NKp46 expression (encoded by Ncr1) was thought to be predominantly restricted to NK cells,(More)