Jean-Christophe Peter

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OBJECTIVE Active immunization in rats may serve several purposes: the production of a disease-like phenotype, the generation of pharmacologic tools, and the development of clinically useful therapies. We selected the melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) as a target because its blockade could provide a treatment for anorexia and cachexia. METHODS We used a(More)
1. VP and OT mediate their wealth of effects via 4 receptor subtypes V1a, V1b, V2, and OT receptors. 2. We here review recent insights in the pharmacological properties, structure activity relationships, species differences in ligand specificity, expression patterns, and signal transduction of VP/OT receptor. 3. Furthermore, the existence of additional(More)
Melanocortin receptors (MCR) play an important role in the regulation of energy balance and autonomic function. In the present studies, we used active immunization against peptide sequences from the first and the third extracellular loop (EL1 and EL3) of the MC3R to generate selective antibodies (Abs) against this MCR subtype in rats. Immunization with the(More)
Interaction between CD40, a member of the tumor necrosis factor receptor (TNFR) superfamily, and its ligand CD40L, a 39-kDa glycoprotein, is essential for the development of humoral and cellular immune responses. Selective blockade or activation of this pathway provides the ground for the development of new treatments against immunologically based diseases(More)
Autoantibodies in vitro modulating the M2 acetylcholine receptor (M2ACh-R) were observed in patients with idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy (IDC) or Chagas' cardiomyopathy (ChC). We investigated the in vivo consequences on heart rate of such antibodies in mice immunized with a peptide derived from the second extracellular loop of the M2ACh-R compared with(More)
Functionally active antibodies (Abs) against central G-protein-coupled receptors have not yet been reported. We selected the hypothalamic melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4-R) as a target because of its crucial role in the regulation of energy homeostasis. A 15 amino acid sequence of the N-terminal (NT) domain was used as an antigen. This peptide showed(More)
Autoantibodies against beta-adrenoceptors might be involved in different cardiomyopathic diseases such as idopathic dilated cardiomyopathy, Chagas' disease and ventricular arrhythmias. To study the effects of such antibodies on the whole heart, we made use of a new technique allowing the measurement of Ca++ transients as well as action potentials in(More)
Antibodies directed against the second extracellular loop of G protein-coupled receptors are known to have functional activities. From a partial agonist monoclonal antibody directed against the M2 muscarinic receptor, we constructed and produced a single chain variable fragment with high affinity for its target epitope. The fragment is able to recognize its(More)
Herpesviruses enter cells by a yet poorly understood mechanism. We visualized the crucial steps of the entry pathway of bovine herpesvirus 1 (BHV-1) and BHV-5 by transmission and scanning electron microscopy, employing cryotechniques that include time monitoring, ultrarapid freezing, and freeze substitution of cultured cells inoculated with virus. A key(More)
The hypothalamic melanocortin-4 receptor (MC4R) is a constituent of an important pathway regulating food intake and energy expenditure. We produced a monoclonal antibody (mAb) directed against the N-terminal domain of the MC4R and evaluated its potential as a possible therapeutic agent. This mAb (1E8a) showed specific binding to the MC4R in human embryonic(More)