Jean-Christophe Legrand

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Young rats made hypothyroid by propylthiouracil (PTU) received a daily physiological dose of thyroxine (T4) from day 0, 4, 6, 8, 10, 11, 12 or 13 and their cerebella were studied on day 14. With the very low doses of T4 used and when the treatment was started at birth, cerebellar development was nearly normal in terms of the parameters studied (cell(More)
The developmental pattern of S100 protein, a specific marker of astroglia, was studied by radioimmunoassay in the cerebellum of thyroid-deficient, thyroxine-treated and undernourished rats during development. In the control animals, the S100 protein content of the cerebellum increased maximally after the 3rd postnatal week, i.e., after cell multiplication(More)
We have shown previously that rhythm generation in disinhibited spinal networks is based on intrinsic spiking, network recruitment and a network refractory period following the bursts. This refractory period is based mainly on electrogenic Na/K pump activity. In the present work, we have investigated the role of the persistent sodium current (INaP) in the(More)
The effects of congenital hypothyroidism on cochlear synaptogenesis were studied using transmission electron microscopy in 30 propylthiouracil-treated rat pups 1-35 days of age. No difference with controls was observed at the level of the inner hair cells which are known to mature essentially during the prenatal period. On the contrary, hypothyroidism(More)
A morphometric analysis of Purkinje cells in the developing cerebellar cortex of the chick was performed in normal animals and embryos made hypothyroid by one or two spaced injections of tetramethylthiourea. Profiles of 162 Purkinje cells, from Golgi-Cox treated sections were analysed. Soma area, perimeter and circularity index, cumulative length of the(More)
The cerebellar circuitry and the corticonuclear relationships were studied in the cerebellum of adult rats rendered agranular through 7 successive exposures to X-ray radiations during infancy. Data were obtained through examination of electrical responses induced in Purkinje cells (PC) and in neurons of the lateral vestibular nucleus (LVN) by cerebellar and(More)
Brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) is involved in the differentiation and the survival of neurons. It has also been shown to be associated with the regrowth of neurons of damaged spinal cord and the modulation of ionic currents by acting on sodium channels and NMDA receptors through tyrosine kinase B (TrkB) receptors. We investigated the effects of(More)
In 14-day-old thyroid-deficient rats, qualitative and quantitative ultrastructural study of the cerebellar molecular layer shows that the retardation in synaptogenesis between Purkinje cell dendritic spines or excrescences and synaptic segments of parallel fibres is related to the marked hypoplasia of Purkinje cell dendritic arborizations and to the(More)
In 35-day-old rats which were undernourished by quantitative restriction of the mother's diet from the 6th day of gestation, the wet weight and the DNA content of the cerebellum were slightly more decreased than those of the cerebrum. Cell growth (estimated from the DNA concentration and form the ratios of RNA and protein to DNA) was significantly affected(More)
Immunoelectron microscopy has shown that, in adult rat cerebellum, S100 protein is localized exclusively in the astroyctes of both the cortex and the white matter. The labelling pattern was unaffected by the inclusion of glutaraldehyde in the primary paraformaldehyde fixative. The immunoperoxidase reaction product is observed over both the perikaryal(More)