Jean-Christophe Copin

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Blood-brain barrier (BBB) dysfunction is a potential mechanism involved in progressive striatal damage induced by the mitochondrial excitotoxin, 3-nitropropionic acid (3-NP). After activation by proteases and free radicals, matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), particularly MMP-9 and -2, can digest the endothelial basal lamina leading to BBB opening. Using CD-1(More)
The involvement of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) in cerebral ischemia-induced apoptosis was investigated in a model of transient focal cerebral ischemia in rats treated intracerebroventricularly (i.c.v.) with 4-((3-(4-phenoxylphenoxy)propylsulfonyl)methyl)-tetrahydropyran-4-carboxylic acid N-hydroxy amide, a broad spectrum non-peptidic hydroxamic acid(More)
Aging and atherosclerosis are well-recognized risk factors for cardiac and neurovascular diseases. The Apolipoprotein E deficient (ApoE−/−) mouse on a high-fat diet is a classical model of atherosclerosis, characterized by the presence of atherosclerotic plaques in extracranial vessels but not in cerebral arteries. Increase in arginase activity was shown to(More)
The role of the inducible matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9 in blood-brain barrier (BBB) disruption after ischemic stroke is well accepted. Recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (r-tPA) is the only approved thrombolytic treatment of ischemic stroke but r-tPA is potentially neurotoxic. Vasogenic edema after r-tPA treatment has been linked with an increase(More)
Hemorrhagic transformation (HT) and brain edema are life-threatening complications of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator (rt-PA)-induced reperfusion after ischemic stroke. The risk of HT limits the therapeutic window for reperfusion to 3 h after stroke onset. Pre-treatment with matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) inhibitors reduces HT and cerebral edema in(More)
The effect of recombinant human tissue plasminogen activator (rtPA) on neuroinflammation after stroke remains largely unknown. Here, we tested the effect of rtPA on expression of cellular adhesion molecules, chemokines, and cytokines, and compared those with levels of inflammatory cell recruitment, brain injury, and mortality over 3 days after transient(More)
Thrombolysis with tissue plasminogen activator increases the risk of brain hemorrhage after ischemic stoke. However, the relationship between the duration of ischemia and the risk of hemorrhagic transformation is still unclear. In the present study, we used a rat model of thrombolysis with tissue plasminogen activator after different periods of middle(More)
OBJECTIVES The pathogenesis of delayed cerebral ischemia (DCI) in aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) is multi-factorial and not completely elucidated. Matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) might participate in wall remodeling leading to luminal narrowing. The authors investigated MMP-9 concentration in brain extracellular fluid of aSAH patients and(More)
Neutrophilic inflammation might have a pathophysiological role in both carotid plaque rupture and ischemic stroke injury. Here, we investigated the potential benefits of the CXC chemokine-binding protein Evasin-3, which potently inhibits chemokine bioactivity and related neutrophilic inflammation in two mouse models of carotid atherosclerosis and ischemic(More)
BACKGROUND The relationship between severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) and blood levels of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) or cellular fibronectin (c-Fn) has never been reported. In this study, we aimed to assess whether plasma concentrations of MMP-9 and c-Fn could have predictive values for the composite endpoint of intensive care unit (ICU) length of(More)