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OBJECTIVES To evaluate the accuracy of B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) and amino-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) for the diagnosis of congestive heart failure (CHF) in dyspneic patients aged >or=85 years admitted to the Emergency Department (ED), and to define threshold values in this oldest-old population. DESIGN AND METHODS This(More)
Background. Strategies combining pretest clinical assessment and D-dimers measurement efficiently and safely rule out venous thromboembolism events (VTE) in low- and intermediate-risk patients. Objectives. As process of ageing is associated with altered concentrations of coagulation markers including an increase in D-dimers levels, we investigated whether(More)
With increasing pressure support ventilation (PSV), a form of pneumatically triggered ventilation, there can be an increase in wasted inspiratory efforts (neural inspiratory efforts that fail to trigger the ventilator). With neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA), a mode of ventilation controlled by the electrical activity of the diaphragm (EAdi),(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the influence of neurally adjusted ventilatory assist (NAVA) and positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) on the control of breathing in rabbits with acute lung injury. DESIGN Prospective animal study. SETTING Experimental laboratory in a university hospital. SUBJECTS Male White New Zealand rabbits (n = 18). INTERVENTION(More)
Submucosal gland serous cells are believed to play a major role in the physiopathology of cystic fibrosis (CF) and may represent an important target for CF gene therapy. We have studied the efficiency of reporter gene transfer into immortalized normal (MM-39) and CF (CF-KM4) human airway epithelial gland serous cells using various synthetic vectors:(More)
BACKGROUND In combination with cardiac troponin, heart-type fatty acid binding protein (h-FABP)-a biomarker of myocardial necrosis-offers the possibility of rapidly eliminating the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). OBJECTIVE The main objective of this study was to assess the incremental value of h-FABP to cardiac troponin for a rapid(More)
INTRODUCTION Recently, newer assays for cardiac troponin (cTn) have been developed which are able to detect changes in concentration of the biomarker at or below the 99th percentile for a normal population. The objective of this study was to compare the diagnostic performance of a new high-sensitivity troponin T (HsTnT) assay to that of conventional cTnI(More)
BACKGROUND We recently designed a cationic polymer called histidylated polylysine made of polylysine partially substituted with histidyl residues which become protonated at slightly acidic pH. This polymer is thought to induce the leakage of acidic vesicles containing plasmid/histidylated polylysine complexes. METHODS and results Here, we have analyzed(More)
Dear Editor, We recently published in Intensive Care Medicine a study on the concomitant measurement of copeptin and high-sensitivity troponin for ruling out the diagnosis of myocardial infarction in the emergency department (ED) [1]. You raised the question of self-plagiarism because we had previously published a paper in the International Journal of(More)
BACKGROUND Copeptin, in combination with conventional troponin (cTn), has been suggested as a means of rapid rule out of the diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI). This study aims to assess the value of copeptin for rule out of AMI, according to the pre-test probability (PTP). METHODS In a prospective multicentric study, we enrolled patients(More)