Learn More
We compared the transduction efficiencies and tropisms of titer-matched recombinant adeno-associated viruses (rAAV) derived from serotypes 2 and 5 (rAAV-2 and rAAV-5, respectively) within the rat nigrostriatal system. The two serotypes (expressing enhanced green fluorescent protein [EGFP]) were delivered by stereotaxic surgery into the same animals but(More)
Recombinant adeno-associated viruses (rAAVs) are promising vectors for gene therapy since they efficiently and stably transduce a variety of tissues of immunocompetent animals. The major disadvantage of rAAVs is their limited capacity to package foreign DNA (< or =5 kb). Often, co-expression of two or more genes from a single viral vector is desirable to(More)
Targeted expression of foreign genes to the peripheral nervous system is interesting for many applications, including gene therapy of neuromuscular diseases, neuroanatomical studies, and elucidation of mechanisms of axonal flow. Here we describe a microneurosurgical technique for injection of replication-defective viral vectors into dorsal root ganglia(More)
Mutations in the gene encoding Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase (SOD1) underlie some familial cases of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by loss of cortical, brainstem and spinal motoneurons. Transgenic mice over- expressing a mutated form of human SOD1 containing a Gly-->Ala substitution at position 93 (SOD1(G93A))(More)
Parkin-deficient animals exhibit mitochondrial degeneration and increased oxidative stress vulnerability, and both mice and flies lacking DJ-1 are hypersensitive to environmental toxins associated with Parkinson's disease (PD). We used recombinant adeno-associated virus (AAV) gene transfer to study the influence of DJ-1 and Parkin on the dopaminergic system(More)
Recombinant adeno-associated viruses (rAAVs) can transduce several tissues, including the brain. However, in brain the duration of gene expression in different areas is variable, which has been ascribed to viral (CMV) promoter silencing in some regions over time. We have compared expression of enhanced green fluorescent protein (EGFP) in the nigrostriatal(More)
Mutations in the parkin gene are linked to autosomal-recessive juvenile parkinsonism (AR-JP). Parkin functions as a ubiquitin protein ligase in the degradation of several proteins, including the neuron-specific septin CDCrel-1. AR-JP-associated parkin mutations inhibit ubiquitination and degradation of CDCrel-1 and other parkin target proteins. Here we show(More)
D-Tagatose is a zero-energy producing ketohexose that is a powerful cytoprotective agent against chemically induced cell injury. To further explore the underlying mechanisms of cytoprotection, we investigated the effects of D-tagatose on both the generation of superoxide anion radicals and the consequences of oxidative stress driven by prooxidant compounds(More)
Efficiency and stability of recombinant adeno-associated virus (rAAV)-mediated gene expression within the mammalian brain are determined by several factors. These include the dose of infectious particles, the purity of the vector stock, the serotype of rAAV, the route of administration, and the intrinsic properties, most notably the rAAV receptor density,(More)
Alterations in hippocampal brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) expression have been implicated in the pathogenesis of emotional and cognitive dysfunction. Here, we induced BDNF overexpression in the rat hippocampus using recombinant adenovirus-associated viral (rAAV) vectors, and studied its long-term (2 months postinduction) effects on anxiety-related(More)