Jean-Charles Epinat

Learn More
We have isolated a human cDNA which encodes a novel I kappa B family member using a yeast two-hybrid screen for proteins able to interact with the p52 subunit of the transcription factor NF-kappa B. The protein is found in many cell types and its expression is up-regulated following NF-kappa B activation and during myelopoiesis. Consistent with its proposed(More)
Rel/NF-kappaB transcription factors regulate several important physiological processes, including developmental processes, inflammation and immune responses, cell growth, cancer, apoptosis, and the expression of certain viral genes. Therefore, they have also been sought-after molecular targets for pharmacological intervention. As details of the(More)
Three major inhibitors of the NF-kappaB/Rel family of transcription factors, IkappaBalpha, IkappaBbeta, and IkappaBepsilon, have been described. To examine the in vivo role of the most recently discovered member of the IkappaB family, IkappaBepsilon, we generated a null allele of the murine IkappaBepsilon gene by replacement of all coding sequences with(More)
Cytochrome P-450 (Cyp) 51 or lanosterol-C14-demethylase is the main target for antifungal compounds of the triazole family like ketoconazole (Kz). Disruption of the associated NADPH-P-450 reductase-encoding gene (YRED) is not lethal, but decreases by about 20-fold the Kz resistance (KzR) of wild-type (wt) Saccharomyces cerevisiae. Transformation of a(More)
The retroviral oncoprotein v-Rel is a member of the Rel/ NF-kappaB family of transcription factors. v-Rel has multiple changes as compared to the proto-oncoprotein c-Rel, and these changes render v-Rel highly oncogenic in avian lymphoid cells. Previous results have shown that three mutant residues in the eleven helper virus-derived Envelope (Env) amino(More)
NF-kappa B is a ubiquitous transcription factor that contributes to the induction of many genes playing a central role in immune and inflammatory responses. The NF-kappa B proteins are subject to multiple regulatory influences including post-translational modifications such as phosphorylation and proteolytic processing. A very important component of this(More)
The retroviral oncoprotein v-Rel is a chimeric protein that has 11 helper virus-derived Envelope (Env) amino acids (aa) at its N terminus. Within these N-terminal Env aa of v-Rel there are three aa substitutions compared to the Rev-A helper virus Env. These aa substitutions have previously been shown to impart a number of unique properties onto v-Rel,(More)
The diphtheria toxin A chain (DTA) is a potent cytocidal agent that inactivates elongation factor 2. This activity of DTA inhibits protein synthesis and rapidly leads to cell death through apoptosis. In this paper, we have developed a simple in vitro assay for DTA activity in which in vitro-translated DTA is used to inhibit the translation of proteins in(More)
Homing endonucleases (HEs) are natural enzymes that cleave long DNA target with a high specificity and trigger homologous recombination at the exact site of the break. Such mechanisms can thus be used for all the applications covered today by the generic name of "genome engineering": targeted sequence insertion, removal, or editing. However, before being(More)
  • 1