Jean-Charles Dufour

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OBJECTIVES The aim of this research was to automate the search of publications concerning adverse drug reactions (ADR) by defining the queries used to search MEDLINE and by determining the required threshold for the number of extracted publications to confirm the drug/event association in the literature. METHODS We defined an approach based on the medical(More)
BACKGROUND We are currently witnessing a significant increase in use of Open Source tools in the field of health. Our study aims to research the potential of these software packages for developing countries. Our experiment was conducted at the Centre Hospitalier Mere Enfant in Mali. METHODS After reviewing several Open Source tools in the field of(More)
An important barrier to the widespread dissemination of clinical decision support (CDS) is the heterogeneity of information models and terminologies used across healthcare institutions, health information systems, and CDS resources such as knowledge bases. To address this problem, the Health Level 7 (HL7) Virtual Medical Record project (an open,(More)
OBJECTIVE Data from electronic healthcare records (EHR) can be used to monitor drug safety, but in order to compare and pool data from different EHR databases, the extraction of potential adverse events must be harmonized. In this paper, we describe the procedure used for harmonizing the extraction from eight European EHR databases of five events of(More)
The overall objective of the eu-ADR project is the design, development, and validation of a computerised system that exploits data from electronic health records and biomedical databases for the early detection of adverse drug reactions. Eight different databases, containing health records of more than 30 million European citizens, are involved in the(More)
The compilation of the complete prokaryotic repertoire associated with human beings as commensals or pathogens is a major goal for the scientific and medical community. The use of bacterial culture techniques remains a crucial step to describe new prokaryotic species. The large number of officially acknowledged bacterial species described since 1980 and the(More)
OBJECTIVES 1) Determine whether textual Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPGs) are interpreted accurately and unequivocally by targeted physicians. 2) Specify audience and perception of the CPGs. METHOD Comparative analysis of answers given by a panel of general practitioners to a series of questions and clinical case studies related to three textual CPGs(More)
The quality criteria of guidelines are identified. Taking these criteria into account we have built a platform to improve computable guideline effectiveness and facilitate their production. Our implementation is based on the GLIF Model (GuideLine Interchange Format). We have designed software components to edit, test, index, perform and present guidelines(More)
OBJECTIVES To model and implement web portals providing access to certified and high-quality information in the domain of health. MATERIAL AND METHODS The Unified Medical Language System (UMLS) knowledge sources of the U.S. National Library of Medicine and principles of implementation resulting from the previous ARIANE project are described. The XML(More)
INTRODUCTION We sought to determine whether there was evidence of supplier-induced demand in mainland France, where health care is mainly financed by a public and compulsory health insurance and provided by both for-profit and not-for-profit hospitals. METHODS Using a dataset of all admissions to French hospitals for 2009 and 2010, we calculated(More)