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Erythropoietic protoporphyria (EPP) is an inherited disorder of the haem metabolic pathway characterised by accumulation of protoporphyrin in blood, erythrocytes and tissues, and cutaneous manifestations of photosensitivity. EPP has been reported worldwide, with prevalence between 1:75,000 and 1:200,000. It usually manifests in early infancy upon the first(More)
The gene coding for the D2 dopamine receptor (DRD2) is considered as one of the most relevant candidate genes in schizophrenia. Previous genetic studies focusing on this gene yielded conflicting results, for example because of differences in methodology (linkage versus association studies) and variability in the loci analyzed (the DRD2 gene having many(More)
BACKGROUND Acute intermittent porphyria (AIP) is an inherited disorder in the heme biosynthetic pathway caused by a partial deficiency of porphobilinogen (PBG) deaminase. Clinically, AIP is characterized as acute neurovisceral attacks that are often precipitated by exogenous factors such as drugs, hormones, and alcohol. An early detection of mutation(More)
The gene which codes for dopamine receptor D2 (DRD2) is considered as one of the most relevant candidate genes in schizophrenia. Previous genetic studies focusing on this gene gave conflicting results, potentially because of the differences in methodology (linkage versus association studies), and the different loci analyzed (the DRD2 gene having many(More)
Erythropoietic protoporphyria (EPP) is a rare autosomal dominant disorder of heme biosynthesis characterized by partial decrease in ferrochelatase (FECH; EC 4.99.1.1) activity with protoporphyrin overproduction and consequent painful skin photosensitivity and rarely liver disease. EPP is normally inherited in an autosomal dominant pattern with low clinical(More)
BACKGROUND The gene coding for the D2 dopamine receptor (DRD2) is considered to be one of the most pertinent candidate genes in schizophrenia. However, genetic studies have yielded conflicting results whereas the promising TaqIA variant/rs1800497 has been mapped in a novel gene, ANKK1. METHODS We investigated eleven single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs)(More)
Variegate porphyria (VP) is an acute hepatic porphyria with autosomal dominant inheritance due to a partial deficiency of protoporphyrinogen oxidase (PPOX) activity. The molecular defect responsible for VP was investigated by sequencing PPOX gene coding sequence from four patients in three unrelated VP families of French Caucasian origin. In a first(More)
BACKGROUND The porphyrias are a group of rare metabolic disorders whose diagnosis depends on identification of specific patterns of porphyrin precursor and porphyrin accumulation in urine, blood, and feces. Diagnostic tests for porphyria are performed by specialized laboratories in many countries. Data regarding the analytical and diagnostic performance of(More)
Ferrochelatase (FECH; EC 4.99.1.1) catalyzes the terminal step of the heme biosynthetic pathway. Defects in the human FECH gene may lead to erythropoietic protoporphyria (EPP), a rare inherited disorder characterized by diminished FECH activity with protoporphyrin overproduction and subsequent skin photosensitivity and in rare cases liver failure.(More)