Jean C Whelan

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In the initial decades of the 20th century, most nurses worked in the private sector as private duty nurses dependent on their own resources for securing and obtaining employment with individual patients. To organize and systematize the ways in which nurses sought jobs, a structure of private duty registries, agencies which connected nurses with patients,(More)
This article challenges the dominant paradigm of understanding the history of nursing as only that of relative powerlessness. By moving away from the stance of educators deeply concerned about the inability of the profession to gain control over entrance requirements and into the realm of practice, we use examples from our own work to discuss alternate(More)
Sustained support of policy initiatives by nursing has resulted in significant legislative victories. One victory, the passage of the 1938 New York State Todd-Feld Act, which underwent legislative debate at a time when the nurse labor market was in disarray, during an economic depression, and before U.S. entry into World War II, reinforces our understanding(More)
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES This study used census data to construct a demographic profile of early 20th century nurses in the United States. BACKGROUND Census data are recognised as a rich source of quantitative information on long-term changes. However, difficulties in retrieving census data dissuade researchers from exploiting this source. Integrated Public(More)
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