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Early identification of disabilities enables early intervention by occupational therapists and other health professionals. Because the number of children who can be seen in therapy is limited, it is important to be able to identify those infants most likely to have deficits at a later age. Therefore, it is necessary to study and understand the relationship(More)
The purpose of this study was to examine the interrater and test-retest reliability of a one-leg balance test and a tiltboard balance test. Twenty-four normally developing children aged 4 through 9 years participated in the study. Time and quality of balance on one leg and degrees of tilt on a tiltboard prior to postural adjustment were measured. Both tests(More)
This study examined the test-retest reliability of the Test of Visual Perceptual Skills (nonmotor) (TVPS). The sample consisted of 30 first- and second-grade children (aged 6 years through 8 years) with identified learning disabilities. The TVPS was administered on two separate occasions that were 1 to 2 weeks apart. The intraclass correlation coefficient(More)
The Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency (Bruininks, 1978) is a standardized, norm-referenced measure used by physical therapists and occupational therapists in clinic and school practice settings. This test recently was revised and published as the Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency, Second Edition (BOT-2; Bruininks & Bruininks, 2005).(More)
OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of a powered mobility riding toy on the participation behaviors of young children with complex developmental delays. METHOD A single-subject withdrawal design was used to study the effects of powered mobility on child-initiated movement occurrences, initiation of contact with others, and(More)
PURPOSE The purpose of this study was to describe the gross motor development of infants who slept supine and spent different amounts of time in the prone position when awake. METHOD Thirty infants who were six months old and slept supine were evaluated using the Alberta Infant Motor Scale (AIMS) and then divided into two groups: prone (n = 16) and no(More)
One hundred five adults with carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) were studied to assess the efficacy of a neutral-angle wrist splint, and to identify criteria for splint referral. Ten observations before and after treatment were analyzed with descriptive and inferential statistics. After splint use, 67% of the subjects reported symptom relief. T-test comparison of(More)
The purposes of this study were to describe the performance of 40 children aged 4 and 5 years on the Pediatric Clinical Test of Sensory Interaction for Balance (P-CTSIB) and to determine whether age- and gender-related differences were present. The P-CTSIB measures standing balance when sensory input is systematically altered. Kruskal-Wallis one-way(More)
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of posterior and anterior walkers on the gait parameters of five children with spastic diplegic cerebral palsy. Computer-based kinematic analysis was used to investigate differences in gait. Gait laboratory data indicated that use of the posterior walker (1) facilitated more upright posture in these(More)
OBJECTIVE. This retrospective study explored sensory processing characteristics in preschool-age children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD); the relationships between sensory processing and problem behavior, adaptive behavior, and cognitive function; and the differences in sensory processing between two subgroups (autism and pervasive developmental(More)