Jean Bernard Ruidavets

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BACKGROUND The bridge between food intake and weight is not fully understood. Recently, the role of gut microbiota and bacterial lipopolysacharides (LPS) in weight has been noted. OBJECTIVE The objective was to evaluate the relation between plasma LPS concentration and food intake. DESIGN A dietary survey was conducted in 1015 subjects randomly(More)
OBJECTIVE To assess the relationship between household income and metabolic syndrome in men and women. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A total of 1,695 men and 1,664 women, aged 35-64 years, from three distinct geographical areas of France were investigated. Waist girth, plasma triglycerides, HDL cholesterol, glucose, and systolic blood pressure were used to(More)
BACKGROUND Among the markers of inflammation, a cytokine, interleukin (IL)-6, promotes the expression of intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM-1), C-reactive protein (CRP) synthesis, and leads to a series of procoagulant actions with potential major implications on the progression of atherosclerosis. AIM OF THE STUDY To analyse in a population-based(More)
Since inflammatory mechanisms seem to be involved in different stages of atherosclerosis, we analysed a random population-based sample of 972 subjects to assess the relationships between soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (sICAM-1), subclinical peripheral atherosclerosis and intima-media thickness (IMT). B-mode ultrasonography was used to assess the(More)
Cardiovascular diseases remain a major public health problem. The involvement of several occupational factors has recently been discussed, notably the organization of work schedules, e.g. shift work. To analyse the progress of knowledge on the relationship between cardiovascular risk factors and shift work. A review of English-language literature dealing(More)
BACKGROUND Food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) are often used to evaluate individuals' food intakes in epidemiologic studies because of their simplicity and low cost. OBJECTIVE To assess the validity of a short (24 items), qualitative FFQ used in the MONA LISA-NUT study. DESIGN Cross-sectional study of a representative sample in three French counties.(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Studies of risk factors for ischemic stroke in the young have generally considered ischemic stroke as a whole. The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the association of traditional cardiovascular risk factors with etiological subtypes of ischemic stroke in young adults. METHODS Retrospective review of data from patients(More)
OBJECTIVE Soluble CD14 (sCD14), an effective mediator for the activation of monocytes by bacterial endotoxin is involved in the release of substances able to modify the characteristics of the arterial wall. The aim of this study was to investigate, in humans, the relationship of sCD14 with aortic stiffness and to analyse the influence of arterial structure(More)
OBJECTIVE Despite cardioprotective properties, studies investigating adiponectin as a cardiovascular disease marker led to conflicting results. We investigated in participants with stable coronary artery disease (CAD) and controls whether serum adiponectin was associated with long-term mortality, considering varying degrees of CAD severity. METHODS AND(More)
BACKGROUND Many publications report the prevalence of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the general population. Comparisons across studies are hampered as CKD prevalence estimations are influenced by study population characteristics and laboratory methods. METHODS For this systematic review, two researchers independently searched PubMed, MEDLINE and EMBASE(More)