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In this study, the epidemiology and outcome of graft loss following primary pediatric liver transplantation (LT) were analysed, with the hypothesis that early retransplantation (reLT) might be associated with lower immunologic risks when compared with late reLT. Between March 1984 and December 2005, 745 liver grafts were transplanted to 638 children at(More)
BACKGROUND For hepatoblastoma (HB) that remains unresectable by partial hepatectomy after chemotherapy, total hepatectomy with orthotopic liver transplantation (LTX) has been advocated as the best treatment option. The role of LTX in the overall management of HB is still, however, unclear. PROCEDURE The results of LTX from the first study of HB by the(More)
BACKGROUND Surgical resection is the cornerstone of treatment for patients with hepatoblastoma (HB). The Society of Pediatric Oncology Liver Tumor Study Group launched its first prospective trial (SIOPEL-1) with the intention to treat all patients with preoperative chemotherapy and delayed surgical resection. The objective of this article was to assess the(More)
PURPOSE The primary objective was to determine the efficacy of a newly designed preoperative chemotherapy regimen in an attempt to improve the cure rate of children with high-risk hepatoblastoma. PATIENTS AND METHODS High risk was defined as follows: tumor in all liver sections (ie, Pretreatment Extension IV [PRETEXT-IV]), or vascular invasion (portal(More)
Hepatoblastoma is the most common liver malignancy in children. With rare exceptions, complete tumour resection is required to cure the patient. Radical tumour resection can be obtained either with standard partial hepatectomy or orthotopic liver transplantation. At present, the surgical approach to hepatoblastoma differs significantly between treatment(More)
Corticosteroid-free immunosuppression (IS) may be potentially beneficial for transplanted patients, particularly children. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and cost of such strategy in primary pediatric liver transplantation (LT). Fifty pediatric LT recipients were prospectively treated with a steroid-free, tacrolimus-basiliximab-based(More)
PURPOSE Preoperative staging (pretreatment extent of disease [PRETEXT]) was developed for the first prospective liver tumor study by the International Society of Pediatric Oncology (SIOPEL-1 study; preoperative chemotherapy and delayed surgery). Study aims were to analyze the accuracy and interobserver agreement of PRETEXT and to compare the predictive(More)
Surgical resection remains the cornerstone of cure in hepatoblastoma (HB). Meticulous review of contrast enhanced CT/MR imaging facilitates PRETEXT and POST-TEXT grouping to determine optimal timing and desired extent of liver resection. Excellent knowledge of liver anatomy is essential and the dissection must ensure protection of the vascular inflow and(More)
In the past 20 yr, a dramatic improvement has been achieved in the outcome of children with hepatoblastoma by combining cisplatin based chemotherapy and surgery. Treatment of patients in the USA is an exception to the rule that all patients should receive neoadjuvant chemotherapy. It is paramount that surgical resection be complete, both macro- and(More)
During the last decade, important progress has been made in the surgical treatment of malignant liver tumors in children. For hepatoblastoma, there is a general consensus for combining surgical resection with neoadjuvant (and adjuvant) chemotherapy. Long-term disease-free survival of around 85-90% can be achieved for resectable HB involving no more than(More)