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The planarity of the polyene chain of the retinal chromophore in bacteriorhodopsin is studied using molecular dynamics simulation techniques and applying different force-field parameters and starting crystal structures. The largest deviations from a planar structure are observed for the C(13)==C(14) and C(15)==N(16) double bonds in the retinal Schiff base(More)
Molecular recognition and mechanical properties of proteins govern molecular processes in the cell that can cause disease and can be targeted for drug design. Single molecule measurement techniques have greatly advanced knowledge but cannot resolve enough detail to be interpreted in terms of protein structure. We seek to complement the observations through(More)
In this chapter, we attempt to analyze the evolution of the amyloid-beta (Abeta) molecular structure from its inception as part of the Abeta precursor protein to its release by the secretases and its extrusion from membrane into an aqueous environment. Biophysical studies suggest that the Abeta peptide sustains a series of transitions from a molecule rich(More)
The pyruvate oxidase gene (poxB) from Lactobacillus plantarum Lp80 was cloned and characterized. Northern blot and primer extension analyses revealed that transcription of poxB is monocistronic and under the control of a vegetative promoter. poxB mRNA expression was strongly induced by aeration and was repressed by glucose. Moreover, Northern blotting(More)
In dark-adapted bacteriorhodopsin (bR) the retinal moiety populates two conformers: all-trans and (13,15)cis. Here we examine factors influencing the thermodynamic equilibrium and conformational transition between the two forms, using molecular mechanics and dynamics calculations. Adiabatic potential energy mapping indicates that whereas the twofold(More)
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