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Brain atrophy measured by magnetic resonance structural imaging has been proposed as a surrogate marker for the early diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease. Studies on large samples are still required to determine its practical interest at the individual level, especially with regards to the capacity of anatomical magnetic resonance imaging to disentangle the(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to analyze the usefulness of preoperative language functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), by correlating fMRI data with intraoperative cortical stimulation results for patients with brain tumors. METHODS Naming and verb generation tasks were used, separately or in combination, for 14 right-handed patients with(More)
We conducted a French multicentric cross-sectional study to describe in detail the demographic, neurological and behavioural characteristics of the frontal variant of frontotemporal dementia (fvFTD) and to characterize the pattern of brain perfusion SPECT in comparison to a healthy control group. A total of 68 fvFTD patients had technetium-99m-ECD brain(More)
OBJECTIVE To demonstrate that amputees performing "virtual" movements of their amputated limb activate cortical areas previously devoted to their missing limb, we studied amputees with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and positron emission tomographic (PET) scans and compared the results with those of normal volunteers performing imaginary(More)
OBJECTIVE To compare the results of visual functional MRI with those of perimetric evaluation in patients with visual field defects and retrochiasmastic tumours and in normal subjects without visual field defect. The potential clinical usefulness of visual functional MRI data during resective surgery was evaluated in patients with occipital lobe tumours. (More)
OBJECT Sparing optic radiations can be of paramount importance during epilepsy surgery of the temporal lobe. The anatomical heterogeneity of the Meyer's loop of the optic radiations could be assessed by means of diffusion tensor tractography. We used temporal lobe surgery as a lesion model to validate this method. MATERIAL AND METHODS We analyzed the(More)
Patients with drug-resistant focal epilepsy may require intracranial investigations with subdural electrodes. These must be correctly localized with respect to the brain cortical surface and require appropriate monitoring. For this purpose, coregistration techniques, which fuse preimplantation 3D magnetic resonance imaging scans with postimplantation(More)
BACKGROUND Cortical and subcortical electrostimulation mapping during awake brain surgery for tumor removal is usually used to minimize deficits. OBJECTIVE To use electrostimulation to study neuronal substrates involved in spatial awareness in humans. METHODS Spatial neglect was studied using a line bisection task in combination with electrostimulation(More)
The objective of this study is to identify the cerebral regions that are assessed by the Frontal Assessment Battery (FAB). Using SPM voxel-based analysis, we looked for correlations between FAB performance and brain SPECT perfusion in 47 patients with the frontal variant of frontotemporal dementia (fv-FTD) recruited by the French FTD research network, a(More)
Sirs: Granulomatous angiitis (GA) of the central nervous system (CNS) is a rare and frequently fatal cause of neurological deterioration. Few cases have been reported associated with non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma and Hodgkin’s disease (HD) [4, 5]. Varicella-zoster virus (VZV) reactivation can be implicated in the pathogenesis of GA of the CNS, particularly in the(More)