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The gene coding for the D2 dopamine receptor (DRD2) is considered as one of the most relevant candidate genes in schizophrenia. Previous genetic studies focusing on this gene yielded conflicting results, for example because of differences in methodology (linkage versus association studies) and variability in the loci analyzed (the DRD2 gene having many(More)
Recent prospective findings have shown that cannabis use by young people could be a risk factor for psychotic symptoms in adulthood, but the long-term impact of cannabis abuse on the clinical features of declared schizophrenia remains to be explored. We assessed the independent influence of cannabis abuse on the clinical symptoms of schizophrenia, after(More)
BACKGROUND Compulsive buying is defined by the presence of repetitive impulsive and excessive buying leading to personal and familial distress. Patients with this disorder also suffer from mood disorder in 50% to 100% of the cases studied, and antidepressants help to decrease the frequency and the severity of uncontrolled buying. To define the correlation(More)
OBJECTIVE Uncontrolled buying, defined by the presence of repetitive impulsive and excessive buying that leads to personal and familial distress, is a psychiatric disorder that has only recently been recognized. This review focuses on the prevalence, clinical features, and etiology of this disorder. METHOD All published articles on the topic were(More)
There is wide evidence for a decreased risk of rheumatoid arthritis in patients with schizophrenia. Nevertheless, very few studies have looked at the risk of schizophrenia in a group of patients with rheumatoid arthritis. We prospectively investigated, with the SCL-90R, 220 consecutive outpatients with rheumatoid arthritis and 196 consecutive outpatients(More)
BACKGROUND Impulse-control disorders (ICDs) include intermittent explosive disorder, kleptomania, trichotillomania, pyromania, and pathological gambling. Several studies have suggested that the incidence of pathological gambling is substantially higher in alcoholics than in the general population. The rate of co-occurrence of other ICDs and alcohol(More)
Compulsive buying is defined as repetitive impulsive and excessive buying leading to personal and familial distress. This study compares the buying behavior of depressed patients presenting with or without compulsive buying. The weight of promotional factors such as sales and advertising campaigns was systematically assessed. The impulsive nature of(More)
Previous studies have found an association between the A9 allele (nine-copy repeat) of the dopamine transporter (DAT) gene and two complications of alcohol withdrawal, namely delirium tremens (DT) and alcohol withdrawal seizures (AWS). Most of these studies only included male alcohol-dependent patients. Even those that included a small proportion of women(More)
BACKGROUND Dysfunction of serotoninergic transmission could predispose to excessive alcohol consumption and dependence. The functional polymorphism of the serotonin transporter gene (5-HTTLPR) has been associated with different disorders, including alcoholism. Considering the likelihood of heterogeneity in the "alcohol dependence" phenotype, 5-HTTLPR may be(More)
Sudden or tapered withdrawal from treatment with antidepressants, including monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs), tricyclic antidepressants (TCAs), and serotonin selective reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), can produce phenomena consisting of somatic and psychological symptoms. The literature about these discontinuation phenomena consists mainly of case reports(More)