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OBJECTIVE This histomorphometric study compared the efficacy of a new bone graft substitute (N-HA) derived from hen eggshell, consisted of submicron scale porous hydroxyapatite structure, in the healing of 8 mm diameter critical size defects in rat calvaria. We compared N-HA alone or in combination with calcium sulfate (CS), with a commercial bone(More)
OBJECTIVE This study investigated the surface characteristics and in vitro biocompatibility of titanium (Ti) surfaces incorporated with strontium ions (Sr) and/or phosphate ions (P) produced by hydrothermal treatment for future applications as endosseous implant surfaces. MATERIAL AND METHODS Sr and/or P-incorporated Ti oxide surfaces were produced by(More)
Nanoscale topographical modification and surface chemistry alteration using bioactive ions are centrally important processes in the current design of the surface of titanium (Ti) bone implants with enhanced bone healing capacity. Macrophages play a central role in the early tissue healing stage and their activity in response to the implant surface is known(More)
This study investigated the surface characteristics, in vitro and in vivo biocompatibility of Ti-6Al-4V alloy implants incorporating strontium ions (Sr), produced by hydrothermal treatment using a Sr-containing solution, for future biomedical applications. The surface characteristics were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy, thin-film X-ray(More)
OBJECTIVE This study investigated the surface characteristics and in vitro osteoconductivity of a titanium (Ti) surface incorporated with the magnesium ions (Mg) produced by hydrothermal treatment for future application as an endosseous implant surface. MATERIAL AND METHODS Mg-incorporated Ti oxide surfaces were produced by hydrothermal treatment using(More)
Subnano, nano and sub-micron surface features can selectively activate integrin receptors and induce osteoblast differentiation of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells. Although it is widely accepted that nanoscale titanium surface roughness may promote differentiation of various osteoblast lineages, there has been no clear report on the threshold dimension(More)
This study investigated the in vivo osteoblast and osteoclast gene expression in the peri-implant bone tissue of the strontium (Sr)-incorporated microstructured Ti implants (SLA/Sr) in order to evaluate whether local Sr delivery to the implant surface as in the form of SrTiO(3) also exerts original bone healing enhancement effect of Sr that take place(More)
Bone formation induced by phosphoserine was investigated in vitro and in vivo using MC3T3-E1 cells and a rabbit calvarial osseous defect model. MC3T3-E1 cells supplemented by phosphoserine displayed two-fold higher alkaline phosphatase activity and mineralization nodule formation, and calvarial defects treated with phosphoserine showed statistically(More)
This study investigated the surface characteristics and biocompatibility of phosphate ion (P)-incorporated titanium (Ti) surfaces hydrothermally treated with various concentrations of phosphoric acid (H(3)PO(4)). The surface characteristics were evaluated by scanning electron microscopy, thin-film X-ray diffractometry, X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy,(More)
This study investigated the surface characteristics and bone response of titanium implants produced by hydrothermal treatment using H(3)PO(4), and compared them with those of implants produced by commercial surface treatment methods - machining, acid etching, grit blasting, grit blasting/acid etching or spark anodization. The surface characteristics were(More)